Simons and Chabris (1999) Flashcards Preview

Psychology Core Studies Year 2 > Simons and Chabris (1999) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Simons and Chabris (1999) Deck (11)
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1

What is meant by inattentional blindness?

Failure to see an event or object in your field of vision because you are focused on other elements of what you can see.

2

What was the main aim of Simons an Chabris stud?

To confirm that inattentional blindness occurs in a realistic, complex situation, and that it it sustained (5 seconds or more)

3

What was this study inspired by?

Study by Neisser et al. into inattentional blindness.

4

Outline the sample of Simons and Chabris study.

-228 'observers'
-Undergraduate students

5

What materials were used in Simons and Chabris study? (the videos)

-4 tapes each 75 seconds long
-2 teams of 3, one wearing white, one wearing black
-Passing basketball in front of lifts

6

Outline the procedure.

-Participants asked to either count passes (easy) or count number of aerial and number of bounce passes (hard)
-44-48 seconds in, unexpected event occurred
-Video either opaque or transparent (filmed at same time or at separate times and superimposed onto each other)

7

What were the unexpected events?

-44-48 seconds in, either a woman with an umbrella or a person dressed as a gorilla walks through middle of screen for 5 seconds.

8

What were the 3 questions experimenters asked the participants after watching the video?

-'While you were doing the counting, did you notice anything unusual?'
-'Did you notice anything other than the 6 players?'
-'Did you see a gorilla [woman carrying an umbrella] walk across the screen?'

9

What were the overall results to do with inattentional blindness?

Overall inattentional blindness was 46% (54% noticed the unexpected event).

10

What did they find to do with transparent/opaque, easy/hard, umbrella/gorilla and white/black team?

-Easier to notice in opaque condition
-Easier to notice in easy condition
-Umbrella woman was seen more
-People saw gorilla more when asked to watch black team

11

What is the main conclusion of this study?

That inattentional blindness does occur, and it is sustained.