Flashcards in Piliavin et al. (1969) Deck (13)
What were the main 4 aims of Piliavin's study?
-Would it make a difference if victim was drunk or ill
-Would the victims race make a difference
-Would an intervention of a model affect helping behaviour
-Would the number of witnesses affect the amount of helping behaviour
Why was the New York 8th Avenue Independent Subway used?
Because the A to D trains on this route made no stops between 59th street and 125th street so it was a 7.5minute journey - captive audience.
Outline 'the team'.
Four teams of students, each made up of a victim, model and two observers.
Describe the victims.
-3 white, 1 black
-Acted drunk on 38 trials
-Acted old (with cane) on 65 trials
Describe the model.
-Always white male
-Assisted victim either early (after 70 seconds) or late (after 150 seconds)
-Stood in either critical area (where victim was) or adjacent area (next to where victim was)
Describe the observers.
-Two other people in each team both female
-Seated in adjacent area
-One observer noted race, sex and location of every passenger in critical area and counted total number of individuals and number of people who helped
-Other observer noted race, sex and location of every passenger in the adjacent area and recorded length of time it took for first helper to arrive
Outline the participants.
4450 people on the train at the time of the 103 trials.
What were the results about the type of victim?
-Victim with cane received spontaneous help on 62 of the 65 trials
-Victim who appeared drunk received spontaneous help on 19 of the 38 trials
What were the results to do with the race of the victim?
-Approximately equal for cane victim
-For drunk victim, mainly same race who came to aid
What was the research method of Piliavin's study?
What were the results to do with the intervention of a model?
No effect on helping behaviour.
What were the results to do with the number of witnesses? (diffusion of responsibility)
Victims were helped much faster when there were seven or more male passengers in the critical area.