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Flashcards in Routes Deck (15)
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1

What are the ways a router knows where to forward traffic?

Statically Configured
Dynamically Configured

2

What is the default route?

0.0.0.0 /0
Used when no networks are found in routing table
You assign a device to a default route to handle the packet

3

What is the routing table?

A list of networks that a router uses to forward packets

Directly connected
Statically configured
Dynamically learned

4

What is a Dynamic Routing Protocol?

Routers share information about networks and reachability to other routers (IGP/EGP)

5

What is IGP?

Interior Gateway Protocol

6

What are the types of IGP?

OSPF, IS-IS - Link State
EIGRP, RIPv2 - Distance Vector

7

What is OSPF?

Open Shortest Path First

Cost metric

8

What is EIGRP?

Enhanced Interior Gateway Protocol

Distance vector + Link-State hybrid

9

What is RIP?

Routing Information Protocol

Lowest hop count

10

What is Link State vs Distance Vector?

Link State (faster convergence) is a broadcast announcement of a particular network
Distance Vector (less reliable) is a statement of a reachable network

11

What is convergence?

The state of all routers having the same topology about the network in which they operate

12

What is EGP?

Exterior Gateway Protocol

13

What are the types of EGP?

BGP

14

What is BGP?

Boarder Gateway Protocol

15

What is IGRP?

Interior Gateway Protocol

MTU, Latency, Bandwidth