Firewalls and Load Balancers Flashcards Preview

CompTIA N+ N10-006 > Firewalls and Load Balancers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Firewalls and Load Balancers Deck (12)
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1

What three zones does a firewall create?

Inside
DMZ
Outside

2

Where would you place a public facing web server in regards to a firewall?

DMZ

3

What is a UTM Firewall?

Unified Threat Management
(Uses DLP)

4

What is DLP?

Data Loss Prevention
(identifies and protects confidential traffic (PII))

5

What can UTM be used for?

Content filtering
Block inbound or outbound traffic
IDS/IPS

6

What is load balancing?

Distributing computation load equally across servers

7

What is a load balancing distribution method?

The parameters which determine how activity is balanced across multiple identical servers

8

What is IDS?

Intrusion Detection System

9

What is IPS?

Intrusion Prevention System

10

What is HIPS

Host Based Intrusion Prevention System
Software runs on server
(IDS and IPS are network based)

11

How do IDS and IPS work?

IDS: Switch replicates traffic from ports and sends the data to a port connected to the
IPS: Intercepts all traffic between firewall and server (physically inbetween) allowing it do disable traffic reaching the server

12

What are the methods to detect malicious traffic?

Signatures (compare signs of specific attacks)
Anomalies (baseline traffic activity, valid HTTP request)