Project Mgmt Ch. 1 Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Project Mgmt Ch. 1 Questions Deck (25)
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1

Which one of the following is not an attribute of a project?

A. Definite starting date
B. Has no definite end date
C. Creates a product, service, or results
D. Requires resources

B. Has no definite end date

A project does have a definite end date, operations do not.

2

You are a project manager for Johnson Keyboards Inc. Your organization has adapted PMBOK as a standard tool for how projects should operate and you are involved in shaping the standardization for all future projects. In light of this information, what is the recommended course of action for the processes and procedures in the PMBOK?

A. Not all processes and procedures in the PMBOK are actually required on all projects.
B. All processes and procedures are to be followed as defined in the PMBOK.
C. Not all processes and procedures are needed unless the PMBOK states the process or procedure is a requirement for the project type.
D. All processes and procedures are to be followed as identified in the PMBOK, otherwise the PMP is in violation of the PMP Code of Professional Conduct.

A. Not all processes and procedures in the PMBOK are actually required on all projects.

Not all information in the PMBOK should be applied uniformly to all projects. It is the responsibility of the project management team to determine what practices are appropriate for each project.

3

Nancy is the project manager of the INCORP1 Project. She and the stakeholders created a scope two months ago, but since then the scope has evolved and now provides much more detail about the project. The process of the scope evolving is also known as which one of the following terms?

A. Decomposition
B. Scope verification
C. Scope creep
D. Progress elaboration

D. Progress elaboration

Progress elaboration is a term used to describe the development that happens in incremental steps. The project scope is the most common example of progress elaboration, but the WBS, product description, and even the project plan can pass through progressive elaboration.

4

You are explaining to a junior engineer the difference between a project and operations. Which one of the following is true only of operations?

A. They are performed by people.
B. They are constrained by limited resources.
C. They are ongoing.
D. They are planned, executed, and controlled.

C. They are ongoing.

Projects are temporary and they do not go on forever.

5

You are the project manager for your company, Mark Manufacturers. Your company has a large client that has requested a special component be created for one of their test engines. Your organization agrees, creates a standard contract with the customer, and your manager assigns you to manage this project. The project was launched because of which one of the following?

A. A customer request
B. A change in the technology your customer is creating
C. A legal requirement (contractual)
D. An organization need

A. A customer request

This project was launched because the customer requested the new component.

6

Project managers are not responsible for which one of the following in most organizations?

A. Identifying the project requirements
B. Selecting the projects to be initiated
C. Balancing demands for time, cost, scope, and quality
D. establishing clear and achievable project objectives

B. Selecting the projects to be initiated

Project managers typically do not select which projects are to be initiated. The project selection committee, customers, or project sponsors are typically responsible for this.

7

You and William, a project stakeholder, are discussing risks within your project. Which one of the following best describes risk?

A. Any event which can cause your project to fail
B. Any event which may have a positive or negative effect on your project's project team
C. An uncertain event which may have a positive or negative effect on your project
D. An event which will cause time and cost constraints to be broken

C. An uncertain event which may have a positive or negative effect on your project

Risk is an uncertain event, which can have positive or negative effects on your project.

8

You are the project manager for a large software development project. You have concerns that one of the components of the Iron Triangle is slipping. Your project sponsor, Jim Bob, is not familiar with the Iron Triangle so you explain the concept to him. What will be affected if any angle of the Iron Triangle is not kept in balance?

A. Cost
B. Quality
C. Time
D. Scope

B. Quality

If any angle of the Iron Triangle is changed, then the quality of the project will suffer.

9

Which knowledge area includes the creation of the project charter?

A. Project Scope Management
B. Project Cost Management
C. Project Integration Management
D. Project Communications Management

C. Project integration Management

Project Integration Management, which focuses on the coordination of all components of project management, includes the development of the project charter.

10

You and your project team are located in Des Moines, Iowa, but your project execution will take place in Mexico. you have valid concerns about the interactions with the stakeholders, time zone differences, language barriers, the different laws that could affect your project, and the logistics of travel, face-to-face meetings, and even teleconferencing. Which of the following project environments are you concerned with most?

A. Cultural and social
B. International and political
C. Sales and marketing
D. Contracts and commercial law

B. International and political

All of the concerns listed fall into the international and political environment.

11

Which one of the following is not a general management skill?

A. Motivating the project team
B. Purchasing and procurement
C. Sales and marketing
D. Contracts and commercial law

A. Motivating the project team

Motivation is actually an interpersonal skill that the project manager must have to inspire and energize the project team.

12

Smith Construction has won a contract to build a 77-story condominium building in downtown Chicago. The building will have 650 condos, a parking garage, an indoor and outdoor pool, two floors for retail, two floors of offices, and several shared community rooms. Mary Anne Kedie has elected to create a program for the creation of the building. Which one of the following best describes a program?

A. A standardized approach to project management within an organization
B. A standardized approach to project management with multiple projects coordinated together
C. A collection of related projects managed in coordination to gain control that would not necessarily be available if the projects were managed independently
D. A collection of related projects all contributing to one deliverable

C. A collection of related projects managed in coordination to gain control that would not necessarily be available if the projects were managed independently

A program is a collection of related projects managed and coordinated to gain a higher level of control.

13

You are the project manager for an architectural design company. Your company consistently completes projects for other companies. Within your organization the project managers have the highest level of authority on a project. You are likely operating within what type of company?

A. A company using a functional structure
B. A company using a matrix structure
C. A company using management by project
D. A company using an ISO 9000 program

C. A company using management by project

Your company is likely using Management by Projects. Management by Projects may also be called a projectized organization.

14

Who is usually responsible for portfolio management within an organization?

A. Project managers
B. Project sponsors
C. Stakeholders
D. Senior management

D. Senior management

Senior management is responsible for portfolio management.

15

You are the project manager of a large project to install 1,900 kiosks through college campuses in North America. The kiosk will collect applications for credit cards, phone services, and other services marketable to college students. The bulk of your project is focused on the information technology integration, the WAN connections from each kiosk, security of the data transferred, and the database of the information gathered. For ease of management you have hired local contractors to install the kiosks that you will ship to each campus. The contractors on each campus will be responsible for the WAN connection, electrical connection, the security of the kiosk, and all testing. The local contracted work could be called what?

A. Risk mitigation
B. Operations
C. Subprojects
D. Management by Projects

C. Subprojects

C is the best choice because work that is subcontracted out for ease of management, as in this situation, becomes subprojects.

16

Where can a project manager expect software, templates, and standardized policies?

A. A Project Management Office
B. With the stakeholders
C. Human Resources
D. The project budget

A. A Project Management Office

The Project Management Office (PMO) supports the project manager through templates, standardized policies, and software.

17

Which of the following is likely to be part of an operation?

A. Providing electricity to a community
B. Designing an electrical grid for a new community
C. Building a new dam as a source for electricity
D. Informing the public about changes at the electrical company

A. Providing electricity to a community

An electrical company's primary operation is to provide electricity.

18

Of the following, which one is not part of Project Integration Management?

A. The creation of the project plan
B. The interaction between project teams
C. The execution of the project plan
D. The documentation of changes to the project plan

B. The interaction between project teams

Project integration management focuses on the project plan and its implementation.

19

Which one of the following describes the physical environment for a construction project?

A. The terrain where the construction will take place
B. The approval of the blueprints for the building
C. The demographics of the community where the construction will take place
D. The laws that govern where the building may take place

A. The terrain where the construction will take place

The physical environment describes the effects on an by the ecology and geography of the area where the project will take place.

20

Which document will guide the interaction between the project manager and a selected vendor on a project?

A. The project plan
B. The SOW
C. The procurement management plan
D. The contract

D. The contract

The contract between the organization and the vendor supercedes all other work-related documents.

21

What is the difference between a standard and a regulation?

A. Standards and regulations are the same.
B. Standards are regulated by specific industries; regulations are laws.
C. Standards are optional; regulations are required.
D. Standards are required; regulations are laws

C. Standards are optional; regulations are required.

Standards are optional and may sometimes be called guidelines. Regulations are not optional and are typically enforced by laws.

22

The project manager typically devotes the most amount of time to which of the following tasks?

A. Communications
B. Budget management
C. Project organization
D. Management of team negotiations

A. Communications

It's been said that project managers spend 90 percent of their time communicating.

23

You have an excellent idea for a new project that can increase productivity by 20 percent in your organization. Management, however, declines to approve the proposed project because too many resources are already devoted to other project. You have just experienced what?

A. Parametric modeling
B. Management by exception
C. Project Portfolio Management
D. Management Reserve

C. Project Portfolio Management

Project Portfolio Management is the process of choosing and prioritizing projects within an organization. An excellent project idea can still be denied if there aren't enough resources to complete the project work.

24

Which one of the following is an interpersonal skill a project manager must have to be successful?

A. Sales and marketing
B. Leadership
C. Health and safety practices
D. Information technology experience

B. Leadership

Leadership is the only interpersonal skill listed.

25

Of the following, which is the most important stakeholder involved with a project?

A. The project manager
B. The project sponsor
C. The CEO
D. The customer

D. The customer

Customers, internal or external, are the most important stakeholders in a project.