Project Mgmt Ch.3 Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Project Mgmt Ch.3 Questions Deck (25)
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1

What is a project phase?

A. The creation of a product or service
B. The progressive elaboration resulting in a product
C. A series of actions that bring about a result
D. A series of actions that allow the project to move from concept to deliverable

C. A series of actions that bring about a result

A process is a series of actions that bring about a result. Recall that processes exist in projects and in project phases.

2

Within a project, there are two distinct types of processes. Which of the following processes is unique to the project?

A. EVM processes
B. Project management planning
C. IPECC
D. A product-oriented process

D. A product-oriented process

Product-orientated processes are unique to the product the project is creating.

3

There are five project management processes that allow projects to move from start to completion. Which one of the following is not one of the project management process groups?

A. Initiating
B. Planning
C. Communicating
D. Closing

C. Communicating

Communications is an activity that will consume much of the project manager's time, but it is not one of the five process groups.

4

Of the following, which is the logical order of the project management processes?

A. Initiating, planning, monitoring and controlling, executing
B. Planning, initiating, monitoring and controlling, executing, closing
C. Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, closing
D. Planning, initiating, executing, closing

C. Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, closing

Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing is the correct order of the processes presented.

5

Which of the project management processes is progressively elaborated?

A. Planning
B. Communicating
C. Contract administration
D. Closing

A. Planning

Planning is an iterative process, which is also progressively elaborated. Throughout the project, the project team and the project manager will revisit the planning processes to consider, update, and react to conditions and circumstances within the project.

6

The ongoing process of project planning is also known as _________.

A. Constant integration planning
B. Rolling wave planning
C. Continuous planning
D. Phase gates

B. Rolling wave planning

Rolling wave planning is a description of the planning process in most large projects. It requires the project manager and the project team to revisit the planning process to address the next phase, implementation, or piece of the project.

7

You are the project manager for the AQA Project. you would like to include several of the customers in the project planning sessions, but your project leader would like to know why the stakeholders should be involved since your project team will be determining the best method to reach the project objectives. you explain to the project leader that the stakeholders should be included because __________.

A. It generates goodwill between the project team and the stakeholders
B. It allows the stakeholders to see the project manager as the authority of the project
C. It allows the project team to meet the stakeholders and express their concerns regarding project constraints
D. It allows the stakeholders to realize the shared ownership of the project

D. It allows the stakeholders to realize the shared ownership of the project

Involving the stakeholders in the planning processes allows for shared ownership of the project.

8

You have requested that several of the stakeholders participate in the different phases of the project. Why is this important?

A. It prevents scope creep
B. It allows for scope constraints
C. It improves the probability of satisfying the customer requirements
D. It allows for effective communications

C. It improves the probability of satisfying the customer requirements

By involving the stakeholders at different aspects of the project, their requirements are more likely to be met. Specifically, scope verification ensures that the stakeholders are seeing that phase deliverables, project progress, quality, and expectations are being met.

9

The information from the planning phase is input into which of the following processes?

A. Initiating
B. Monitoring and controlling
C. Executing
D. Closing

C. Executing

The outputs of the planning phase are a direct input to the executing processes.

10

The information from the initiating phase is input into which of the following processes?

A. Planning
B. Executing
C. Controlling
D. All of the project phases

A. Planning

The initiating processes serve as a direct input to the planning processes.

11

Which process represents an ongoing effort throughout the project?

A. Lessons learned
B. Planning
C. Closing
D. EVM

B. Planning

Planning is the iterative process evident throughout the project.

12

Which of the following processes happen in the correct order?

A. Activity definition, scope planning, activity duration estimating, cost budgeting
B. Scope planning, resource planning, activity duration estimating, activity sequencing
C. Scope definition, scope planning, activity definition, activity sequencing
D. Scope planning, scope definition, activity definition, activity sequencing

D. Scope planning, scope definition, activity definition, activity sequencing

The correct order is scope planning, scope definition, activity definition, and activity sequencing.

13

Which of the following processes happens in the closing process?

A. Activity definition
B. Cost budgeting
C. Quality planning
D. Contract closeout

D. Contract closeout

Contract closeout is the only process that happens during the closing process group.

14

Which of the following planning processes is concerned with reporting relationships?

A. Organizational planning
B. Human resource planning
C. Scope planning
D. Activity definition

B. Human resource planning

Human resource planning is the facilitating planning process which defines roles and responsibilities--and the reporting structure within the project.

15

Of the following, which process is most concerned with mitigation?

A. Quality planning
B. Risk response planning
C. Procurement planning
D. Risk identification

B. Risk response planning

Mitigation is a response to risk.

16

You are the project manager for the FTG Project. This project will affect several lines of business, and controversy on the project deliverables already abounds. you have 45 key stakeholders on this project representing internal customers from all areas of your organization. With this many stakeholders, what challenge will be the most difficult for the project's success?

A. Communication
B. Managing stakeholder expectations
C. Managing scope creep
D. Coordinating communications between the project manager, project team, and the project stakeholders

B. Managing stakeholder expectations

On a project with 45 key stakeholders, the project manager must work to manage stakeholder expectations. Give the impact of the project and the identified controversy, the project manager will need to proceed with caution to ensure the project deliverables meet the required expectations of the stakeholders.

17

Which of the following is representative of a project constraint?

A. A project that must be finished by year's end
B. That 45 stakeholders exist on a long-term project
C. The requirement to complete EVM
D. The requirement to produce a new product

A. A project that must be finished by year's end

A is the best choice since it is a time constraint

18

You are a project manager of a large construction project. There are many different stakeholders involved in the project and each has their own opinion as to what the project should create. To maintain communication, set objectives, and document all decisions, you can say that larger projects generally require ___________________.

A. A larger budget
B. More detail
C. Phase gate estimating
D. A large project team

B. More detail

Larger projects require more detail.

19

In order to create a network diagram, the project manager needs which of the following?

A. Activity sequencing
B. Project sponsor approval of the WBS
C. The WBS dictionary
D. A cost baseline

A. Activity sequencing

The network diagram illustrates the sequence of events within the project.

20

Which of the following is considered an output of the cost budgeting process?

A. Cost estimating
B. Resource requirements
C. The risk management plan
D. The cost baseline

D. The cost baseline

The cost budgeting process creates the cost baseline.

21

Which of the following is considered an output of risk management planning?

A. Activity lists
B. WBS
C. The risk management plan
D. The cost baseline

C. The risk management plan

The risk management plan is the output of the risk management planning process.

22

Which of the following is not an input to schedule development?

A. The cost baseline
B. Resource requirements
C. The risk management plan
D. The network diagram

A. The cost baseline

The cost baseline is an output of the cost budgeting process. It is not an input to schedule development.

23

Frances is the project manager of the JHG Project. This project is very similar to a recent project she completed for another customer. Which planning process will Frances need to finish first to ensure the project is completed successfully?

A. Contract planning
B. Scope definition
C. Activity sequencing
D. Quality planning

B. Scope definition

Even though the projects are similar, Frances must still define the project scope.

24

You are the project manager for the BKL Project. The type of project has never been attempted before by your organization. The stakeholders already have high requirements for the project deliverables and you need to create a change control system. This system should be controlled by which of the following?

A. A formal change control form
B. It should be completed by the team
C. The Change Control Board
D. It is specific to the organizational structure

C. The Change Control Board

A Change Control Board (CCB) will review and approve changes to the project scope.

25

Complete this statement: Projects fail _______________.

A. At the beginning, not at the end
B. During initiating, not closing
C. Because of inadequate project managers
D. Because of the project manager

A. At the beginning, not at the end

Projects fail at the beginning, not at the end. A poor requirements document, inadequate needs assessments, unfulfilled planning, and more early processes can contribute to project failure.