Practice Questions Flashcards Preview

EPPP BMac > Practice Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Practice Questions Deck (91)
Loading flashcards...
61

The multivariate technique known as "path analysis" is used to:

evaluate the viability of a causal model for a set of variables.

62

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the second-most common cause of MR after Down Syndrome. In addition to cognitive impairments, it is likely to produce what other impairments?

Hearing and visual impairments

63

Hermon Simon is known for his work on:

"bounded rationality" as an impediment to rational decision-making and artificial intelligence

64

Most often, brain damage that leads to memory loss causes problems related to:

retaining certain kinds of new information

65

When using a _____, the rater is provided with a list of behavioral examples and asked to indicate whether the ratee's performance is equal to, worse than, or better than the performance described in each example.

mixed standard scale

66

The "dichotic listening task" has been widely used to study:

hemispheric asymmetry of functions

67

Multiple regression is used when:

scores on two or more X variables will be used to predict a single Y score

68

Cannonical correlation is:

an extension of multiple regression that is appropriate when there is more than one Y variable

69

Multiple discriminant analysis is used when:

the Y variable is nominal and two or moer X variables will be used to place the examinee into a category on Y

70

Cluster analysis is used:

to identify or confirm homogenous subgroups

71

According to Carol Gilligan, the different moral orientations of men and women can be traced to:

the early mother-child relationship

72

Linear regression is appropriate when:

a singel predictor will be used to predict or estimate a score on a single criterion

73

Multiple regression is appropriate when:

Multiple predictors will be used to predict a score on a single criterion

74

Multiple discriminent function analysis is:

an extension of discriminant function analysis when multiple predictors will be used to classify individuals into one of three or more criterion groups

75

Principle components analysis is:

similar to factor analysis and is used to identify the set of variables (components) that accounts for the total variance in a set of test scores

76

The highest lifetime rates of major depressive disorder among adults in the United States are for:

Native Americans

77

What can be said about memory loss associated with Amnestic Disorder due to a General Medical Condition?

The disorder always involves some degree of anterograde amnesia buy may or may not involve retrograde amnesia

78

Test sensitivity

Refers to the proportion of individuals with the disorder who are correctly identified by the test as having the disorder. It is calculated by dividing the number of true positives by the number or true positives plus false negatives.

79

Test specificity

Refers to the proportion of individuals without the disorder who are correclty identified by the test as not having the disorder. It is calculated by dividing the number of true negatives by the number of true negatives plus false positives.

80

Test's positive predictive value

Refers to the proportion of individuals who test positive for the disorder and actually have the disorder. It is calculated by dividing the number of true positives by the number of true and false positives

81

Test negative predicitve value

Refers to the proportion of individuals who test negative for the disorder and actually do not have the disorder. It is caluclated by dividing the number of true negatives by the number of true and false negatives.

82

Stages of Minority Development Model

  1. Conformity
  2. Dissonance
  3. Resistance (Immersion)
  4. Introspection
  5. Synergetic Articulation & Awareness (Integrative Awareness)

83

Identity Formation (Marcia) - 4 

Crisis & Commitment

  1. Identity Achievement
    Resolved Crisis & Made Commitment
  2. foreclosure
    No Crisis & Made Commitment
  3. moratorium
    In Crisis & no Commitment
  4. identity diffusion
    No Crisis & no Commitment

84

Jung Neurosis

Neurosis represents the struggle of people to free themselves from the interference of the archetypes with their progress toward personality integration and fulfillment of thier potential. 

85

telological

behavior is seen as determined by the future, not the past

86

Jungian - transference

Transference is the projection of the personal and/or collective unconscious.

87

Gestalt Therapists believe that dreams are reflections of

aspects of the client

88

ABAB designs offer good control over

history and maturation

89

Key problem with ABAB designs

possiblity that outcome measure (DV) may fail to return to baseline

90

Steps to figure out Positive/Negative reinforcement/punishment

  1. What is the target behavior?
  2. What occurs AFTER the target behavior is emitted? I something added or taken away? 
  3. Is subject being brought into a more desirable state thus increasing the likelihood of emitting the target behavior?

    More desirable = reinforcement
    Less desirable = punishment