Lifespan Flashcards Preview

EPPP BMac > Lifespan > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lifespan Deck (270)
Loading flashcards...
1

Bronfenbrenner

Systems model of human development

Bioecological model - dynamic & interactive process

2

Brofenbrenner's microsystem

Most primary level.

  • Activities
  • roles
  • interactions

of an individual in that person's immediate setting

3

Brofenbrenner's mesosystem

Functions as chains in a link; the interrelationships that connect various elements in the microsystem (parent-child conference)

4

Brofenbrenner's exosystem

  • Institutions that influence the child
  • social settings or organizations beyond the child's immediate experience that affect the child

5

Brofenbrenner's macrosystem

Includes

  • society as a whole
  • laws
  • values
  • customs

of the society in which one lives

6

Brofenbrenner's chronosystem

  • Includes the passage of time & events in history
  • the ways in which all of these systems interrelate to each other across time

7

Vygotsky's social-cognitive view of development

The suggestion that culture greatly influences learning

8

Leading causes of death for infants

Commonly connected with problems surrounding birth and congenital abnormalities

9

Leading causes of death among preschool & school-age

  • accidents

10

Leading causes of death for adolescents

Accidents, homicides, and suicides

11

Leading causes of death for young adults

HIV infections, accidents, and cancers

12

Leading causes of death for those aged 45-64

Chronic disease

13

Leading causes of death for those 65+

Heart disease, cancers, and CVAs or strokes

14

Damage theories of aging

These theories highlight a number of random processes that cause the deterioration of cells and organ systems

  1. oxidative damage
  2. telomeres (DNA endcaps)
  3. genetic alterations with aging
  4. mitochondrial aging

15

Other names for Turner X Syndrome

Bonnevie-Ullrich Syndrome or Monosomy X

16

Klinefelter Syndrome

XXY.

  • Men with syndrome tend to be taller
  • somewhat lower IQ
  • 2nd sex characterisitics abnormal:
    • smaller testicles
    • partial breast devleopment
    • reduced muscle mass
    • high pitched voice
    • less hair
  • sterile

17

Prader-Willi Syndrome

(What, Sx, & prevalence)

Deletion or mutation of 15th chromosome.

Problems with hypothalamus, regulation of food and hunger.

Prevalence: 1 -- 10k - 15k

Sx

  • insatiable hunger
  • delayed motor skills
  • cognitive abilities
  • low muscle tone
  • short stature 
  • incomplete sexual development.

18

Achromatopsia

Disease where the person is not able to distinguish any color at all

19

Genotype

Characteristic, may be observable or not (carried on the genes)

20

Phenotype

Observable traits (hair color, height, personality)

21

Fragile X Syndrome

X-linked condition; causes mental retardation, and in milder forms, can cause learning and emotional problems without significant cognitive deficits

22

Infants born before _____ week-gestation period is considered preterm.

37th

23

Full-term infant who is low birth weight is considered:

small for date

24

Robert LeVine

Developed the idea that, universally, parents have three broad goals that are hierarchical; these include

  1. survival goal
  2. economic goal
  3. self-actualization goal.

25

Germinal phase

First two weeks following conception. Teratogens may prevent zygote from attaching to uterine wall

26

Embryonic period

2-8 weeks following conception. Critical period of development and structural damages are most likely to occur during this time if an embryo is exposed to teratogens

27

Fetal period

2 mths past conception until child is born. Critical period of organ development.

28

Colors infants see best

White, green and red. At four months can see many more colors

29

First sense to develop

Touch

30

Infant perception

Except for vision, most infant senses are well developed at birth.

Vision development:

kinetic - 1 month (3d)

binocular - 3 months

pictorial 5 months