Clinical Psych Flashcards Preview

EPPP BMac > Clinical Psych > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Psych Deck (355)
Loading flashcards...
1

Who was the father of American psychology?

William James

2

Where was the first American Psychology Lab?

At Harvard; William James

3

James-Lange Theory of Emotion

We feel our emotions after our physiological reactions; we feel sad because we cry

4

William James authored

Principles of Psychology describing his emotion theory in 1890

5

Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion

States that when confronted with an arousing event, people first feel and emotion then experience physiological reactions such as sweating, muscle tension, or trembling

6

Two-Factor Theory of Emotion

Developed by Schachter and Singer; states that emotions are the result of physiological arousal and bodily responses to an event.

7

Covert sensitization

Pairing of imaginative negative consequences with an undesirable behavior.

Purpose is to reduce likelihood of the behavior; use of negative mental imagery and rehearsal.

A form of aversive conditioning in which the frequency of undesirable behavior is lessened by mentally (COVERT PART) associating it with unpleasant mental images.

An example of using covert sensitization to overcome emotional overeating – which typically involves turning to unhealthy “comfort” foods during times of stress –  could be vividly imagining taking a bit of  the desired food, only to find that it’s covered in something revolting such as hair, feces, or vomit.

8

Shaping

Using selective reinforcement (approximations) to modify a general response. Building a better bx by dividing it into small increments or steps and then teaching one step at a time until the desired bx is achieved; steps become a series of intermediate goals

9

Inoculation

Four-phase training program for stress management often used in CBT

10

Covert modeling

Increase desirable behavior by imagining others performing similar behaviors with positive outcomes; ct imagines specific positive consequences of new behavior; based on simple modeling

11

Participant modeling

A type of role modeling in which the therapist first engages in a desired behavior, and then through the use of aids the ct gradually moves toward the ability to perform the desired task

12

Coping Skills Training

CBT

Teach cts skills increasing cognitive, behavioral and affective proficiencies; commonly used for managing anxiety-provoking situations; uses positive self-statements and positive imagery.

Useful in children.

13

Avoidance conditioning

A form of Operant Conditioning in which an organism is trained to avoid certain responses or situations associated with negative consequences

14

Collaborative Empiricism

Beck's cognitive therapy

Ct and therapist are equal partners working together with mutual understanding, communication and respect.

Premise is that ct is capable of objectively analyzing his/her own issues and arriving at own conclusions.

Uses guided discovery.

15

Dichotomous thinking

Thinking in absolute terms, like "always," "every," or "never"

16

Emotional reasoning

Cognitive distortion in which individuals use their emotional state as evidence for rationale defending the source stimulus as the "cause" of their emotional state

17

Magnification

exaggerating negatives

18

Age of Freud's oral stage

0-1

19

Age of Freud's anal stage

1-3

20

Age of Freud's phallic stage

3-6

21

Age of Freud's latency stage

6-12

22

Age of Freud's genital stage

12+

23

Suppression

avoidance of thoughts/emotions

24

Reaction formation

acting or staging feelins in direct opposition to one's true feelings because those true feelings are unacceptable to the self

25

Introjection

Deeply identifying with an idea or object.

Person who picks up traits from their friends (e.g., a person who begins frequently exclaiming "Ridiculous!" as a result of hearing a friend of theirs repeatedly doing the same) is introjecting.

26

Displacement

expression of thoughts or feelings to a safe target rather than the true target

27

Sublimation

transforming negative emotions into positive action or behaviors

28

Freud believed projection was:

root of paranoia

29

Freud and phobias

displacement of emotions from original object to new symbolic object

30

Freud mania/hypomania

polar opposite expression of underlying depression