Personal Hygiene, Bed Baths, and Toileting Flashcards Preview

N388 - Assessment/Foundations > Personal Hygiene, Bed Baths, and Toileting > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personal Hygiene, Bed Baths, and Toileting Deck (33)
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1

What factors influence personal hygiene?

Culture
Physical disabilities
Mental disabilities
Poor Education
Religion
Environment
Developmental level
Health and energy
Personal preferences

2

What are the different kinds of hygienic care nurses provide to clients?

General grooming
Back care
Perineal care
Oral hygiene
Hair care
Nail care
Foot care
Shaving (when necessary)

3

What is a complete bed bath?

All parts of the body are bathed including oral hygiene

4

What is a partial bed bath?

Some parts of the body
"Sponge bath at the sink" - assistance with hard to reach areas

5

What is a tub bath or shower?

Provide towels and supplies
Prepare the tub or shower area

6

What is a bag bath?

Pre-moistened cloths in a solution of no rinse surfactant cleanser and emollient
Dry shampoo

7

What are intake and output measurements?

Measurement and recording of all fluid intake and output during a 24 hour period

All routes of fluid intake and all routes of fluid loss

8

What are some examples of intake?

Oral fluids
-water
-milk
-coffee
-tea
-soda
-juices
-ice chips
-food (jello, ice cream, pudding)

More advanced - nurses responsibility
- tube feedings
-IV fluids
-catheter
-tube irrigants

9

How much mL is in 1 ounce?

30 mL

10

How many mL in a pint?

500 mL

11

How many mL in a quart

1000 mL

12

What are examples of output?

urinary
bowel movements
liquid feces
vomitus

More advanced:
- tube and wound drainage
-Wound fistulas
- Foley --> measured with graduated cylinder

13

What kind of important data does input and output provide?

Provides data about client's fluid and electrolyte balance

Helps determine patient's fluid status
- Are they hydrated/dehydrated?
-Are they in fluid overload

*generally measured for hospitalized at-risk clients*

14

How many mL are in a coffee cup (8 oz)?

240 mL

15

How many mL are in a water pitcher?

1000 mL

16

How many mL are in a soup bowl?

180 mL

17

How many mL are in jello?

120 mL

18

Who can have a role in keeping accurate I&O records other than the nurse and healthcare staff?

Client
Family members
Caregivers

19

If patient is incontinent of urine, how do you record the amount?

You estimate it, then record

If incontinence is frequent --> nursing intervention --> ostomy or a foley

20

What is a normal urinary output for an adult in 24 hours?

800-2000mL

21

What is the normal adult liquid intake?

2 liters

22

What is a therapeutic bath

a bath for physical effects to sooth irritated skin to promote healing of an area

i.e Sitz bath -->soothe and heal perineum --> for mothers after childbirth or clients after rectal surgery

23

What is a mediation bath?

taken in a tub of water with medication in it to sooth irritated or itchy skin (i.e sunburn, hives, and skin diseases)

No longer than 20 to 30 minute

24

What are some examples of Activities of Daily Living (ADLS)

toileting
bathing
eating/feeding
dressing
grooming
transferring

25

What is personal hygiene?

Maintaining cleanliness and grooming of the external body
through ADLS

26

What happens when there is failure to keep up with personal hygiene?

increase risk of infection or illness
social and psychological aspects can be affected
Potential for violating cultural and religious considerations

DO NOT FORCE CHANGES IN HYGIENE PRACTICES UNLESS PRACTICES AFFECT PAITENT'S HEALTH

27

What are reasons for providing personal hygiene?

Promotes good habits of personal hygiene
Provides comfort and stimulates circulation
Helps improves self image
Opportunity to develop a good and caring relationship with patient

28

What are factors that depend on a patient's self-care ability?

Patient's mental status
Muscle strength
Flexibility
Visual acuity
Ability to detect thermal and tactile stimulus

29

How do you help a patient with their personal hygiene?

YOU ASK if they prefer

-shower vs. bath
-what type of hygiene or grooming products they use
-How do they care for their hearing aids and dentures, providing perineal care, hair care etc.

Teaching of new hygiene practices
- bariatric patients and adaptive bathing methods
-Diabetic foot care --> be careful d/t circulation in the legs

30

What are lifespan considerations for bathing for infants, children, adolescents, and older adults?

Infants - gentle handling, sponge baths, immediately dried and wrapped, regulate body temperature since newborns lose heat readily

Toddlers/School Age - Active Play, encourage participation as appropriate for developmental level, don't leave unattended

Adolescents - growth and maturation (puberty)

Older Adults - skin changes (fragile skin, less oil and moisture, decrease in elasticity), minimize skin dryness avoid using soap, moisturize skin after bathing, avoid excessive powder (provide less moisture and hazardous inhalant), protect from hot water burns