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N388 - Assessment/Foundations > Transmission Based Precautions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Transmission Based Precautions Deck (35)
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1

What is PPE?

Personal Protective Equipment

2

What is HAI?

Hospital Acquired Infection

3

What is SSI?

Surgical Site Infection

4

What is CLASBI?

Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection

5

What is CAUTI?

Catheter Associated Urinary Track Infection

6

What is MRSA?

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureas

7

What is VRE?

Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci

8

What is C.Diff?

Clostridium Difficile

9

What is MRO?

Medication Resistance organisms
- MRSA
-VRE
-C.Diff

10

What are the different types of PPE?

Gloves
Gowns
Face protection - masks, shields, goggles
Respiratory protection - face mask, respirator

11

Why is it important to have transmission based precautions/standard precautions?

To prevent hospital acquired infections

The best way to do that is hand hygiene

12

What is the purpose of the gown?

Protect the skin and or clothing from fluids or secretions

13

How do masks, goggles and face shields protect the face?

Masks - protects the nose and mouth (cover fully)
- Surgical masks --> protects large droplets

Goggles - protects the eyes; personal glasses are not a substitute for goggles

Face shields - protects face, nose, mouth and eyes (should cover forehead, extend to chin and wrap around the side of the face

14

What is the purpose for respiratory protection?

To protect from inhalation of infectious aerosols

15

What is the N95?

It is a respirator that needs to be used when encounter with patients with TB

It needs to be fitted, if not you have to use a PAPR

16

What is the elastomeric respirators?

It's used to expose things we do not know about (i.e bioterrorism)

17

What is the order for donning or putting on PPE?

Gown
Mask/respirator
Goggles or face shield
Gloves

18

What is the order for doffing or taking off PPE?

Gloves
Gown
Face shield/goggles
Mask or respirator

19

What are the different types of transmission based precautions, according to the CDC?

Contact
Airborne
Droplet

20

What are the different types of transmission based precautions, according to health care institution?

Contact
Airborne
Droplet
Special Enteric
Special Airborne
Special Droplet
Others

21

What are contact precautions?

prevention of transmission agents through the spread of direct contact with the patient or environment

22

What are some examples of skin infections?

skin infections, rashes, MRSA, VRE, excessive would drainage, fecal incontinence

23

What type of PPE do you need for contact precautions?

Hand Hygiene
Gloves and gowns

24

What type of care will patient need for someone who is on contact precautions?

Patients with infectious diarrhea will need to use a separate bathroom

Dedicated patient material

25

What are special enteric precautions?

It is a subset of contact precautions
Type of agents - C.diff, norovirus, rotavirus
Same PPE needed for regular contact precautions
MUST WASH HANDS WITH SOAP AND WATER

26

What are droplet precautions?

Prevents transmission of agents spread through close respiratory or mucous membrane contact with respiratory secretions

i.e: pertussis, influenza, adenovirus, rhinovirus, streptococcus

27

What type of PPE do you need for droplet precautions?

hand hygiene
face mask (required 3 ft within patient)
Others as appropriate

28

What type of care will a patient who is on droplet precautions need?

Private room or with patient with same infection (cohorting)
Patient wears mask when exiting the room

29

What are airborne precautions?

Prevents transmission of agents that are disseminated in droplets or dust particles
Remains infectious over long distances when suspended in the air

Agents- TB, measles and chickenpox

30

What type of PPE will you need to wear with a patient who is under airborne precautions?

Hand hygiene
N-95 (respiratory mask); don before entry and doff after exit
Others as appropriate