Flashcards in Transmission Based Precautions Deck (35)
What is PPE?
Personal Protective Equipment
What is HAI?
Hospital Acquired Infection
What is SSI?
Surgical Site Infection
What is CLASBI?
Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection
What is CAUTI?
Catheter Associated Urinary Track Infection
What is MRSA?
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureas
What is VRE?
Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci
What is C.Diff?
What is MRO?
Medication Resistance organisms
What are the different types of PPE?
Face protection - masks, shields, goggles
Respiratory protection - face mask, respirator
Why is it important to have transmission based precautions/standard precautions?
To prevent hospital acquired infections
The best way to do that is hand hygiene
What is the purpose of the gown?
Protect the skin and or clothing from fluids or secretions
How do masks, goggles and face shields protect the face?
Masks - protects the nose and mouth (cover fully)
- Surgical masks --> protects large droplets
Goggles - protects the eyes; personal glasses are not a substitute for goggles
Face shields - protects face, nose, mouth and eyes (should cover forehead, extend to chin and wrap around the side of the face
What is the purpose for respiratory protection?
To protect from inhalation of infectious aerosols
What is the N95?
It is a respirator that needs to be used when encounter with patients with TB
It needs to be fitted, if not you have to use a PAPR
What is the elastomeric respirators?
It's used to expose things we do not know about (i.e bioterrorism)
What is the order for donning or putting on PPE?
Goggles or face shield
What is the order for doffing or taking off PPE?
Mask or respirator
What are the different types of transmission based precautions, according to the CDC?
What are the different types of transmission based precautions, according to health care institution?
What are contact precautions?
prevention of transmission agents through the spread of direct contact with the patient or environment
What are some examples of skin infections?
skin infections, rashes, MRSA, VRE, excessive would drainage, fecal incontinence
What type of PPE do you need for contact precautions?
Gloves and gowns
What type of care will patient need for someone who is on contact precautions?
Patients with infectious diarrhea will need to use a separate bathroom
Dedicated patient material
What are special enteric precautions?
It is a subset of contact precautions
Type of agents - C.diff, norovirus, rotavirus
Same PPE needed for regular contact precautions
MUST WASH HANDS WITH SOAP AND WATER
What are droplet precautions?
Prevents transmission of agents spread through close respiratory or mucous membrane contact with respiratory secretions
i.e: pertussis, influenza, adenovirus, rhinovirus, streptococcus
What type of PPE do you need for droplet precautions?
face mask (required 3 ft within patient)
Others as appropriate
What type of care will a patient who is on droplet precautions need?
Private room or with patient with same infection (cohorting)
Patient wears mask when exiting the room
What are airborne precautions?
Prevents transmission of agents that are disseminated in droplets or dust particles
Remains infectious over long distances when suspended in the air
Agents- TB, measles and chickenpox