Flashcards in Medications - Administering oral, topical and other types of medications (except parenteral) Deck (7)
What are the different forms of oral medication?
- tablet (pill), caplet, capsule, enteric coated
-suspension, syrup and elixir
Sublingual (under tongue) or buccal (tuck into cheek) --> absorbed through oral mucus membranes
What is the difference between the scored tablets, enteric coated tablets and sustained release capsules?
Sustained release capsules --> delayed release
Scored tablet --> has a guide on cutting the pill
Enteric coated --> doesn't dissolve in the GI tract, but in the intestine
Discuss the preparation of oral medication?
Hands need to clean
Keep the pill in package
Put in a med cup
Don't touch the medication
Use a pill cutter or a scored tablet to half a pill
What are some considerations for oral pills?
check to see if pill is okay to be crushed
- Can mix crushed pill with food
Due to Cognitive impairment
- may not be able to follow commands
What are some oral liquid techniques/processes?
Plastic Medicine cup
Suspensions --> shake first
Syringe --> buccal or feeding tube
How would you handle a situation when
You bring several oral medications into your client’s room and he says, “I feel kind of nauseated, I don’t know if I should take those.”
Assess/look at chart
Check for hx of previous nausea
Medications to treat nausea or causing nausea
Administering medication in a different route
Taking medication with food
Checked when was the last time they ate
THINK ABOUT HOW CRITICAL THE MEDICATION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADMINISTERED TO THEM.