Medications - Administering oral, topical and other types of medications (except parenteral) Flashcards Preview

N388 - Assessment/Foundations > Medications - Administering oral, topical and other types of medications (except parenteral) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medications - Administering oral, topical and other types of medications (except parenteral) Deck (7)
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1

What are the different forms of oral medication?

Solid
- tablet (pill), caplet, capsule, enteric coated

Liquid
-suspension, syrup and elixir

Sublingual (under tongue) or buccal (tuck into cheek) --> absorbed through oral mucus membranes

2

What is the difference between the scored tablets, enteric coated tablets and sustained release capsules?

Sustained release capsules --> delayed release

Scored tablet --> has a guide on cutting the pill

Enteric coated --> doesn't dissolve in the GI tract, but in the intestine

3

Discuss the preparation of oral medication?

Hands need to clean
Keep the pill in package
Put in a med cup
Don't touch the medication
Use a pill cutter or a scored tablet to half a pill

4

What are some considerations for oral pills?

check to see if pill is okay to be crushed
- Can mix crushed pill with food

Due to Cognitive impairment
- assess
- may not be able to follow commands

5

What are some oral liquid techniques/processes?

Plastic Medicine cup
Suspensions --> shake first
Syringe --> buccal or feeding tube

6

How would you handle a situation when

You bring several oral medications into your client’s room and he says, “I feel kind of nauseated, I don’t know if I should take those.”

Assess/look at chart
Check for hx of previous nausea
Medications  to treat nausea or causing nausea
Administering medication in a different route
Taking medication with food
Checked when was the last time they ate

THINK ABOUT HOW CRITICAL THE MEDICATION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADMINISTERED TO THEM.

7

Scenario question

You have oral medications in pill form that are prescribed for your client, and she tells you, “I can’t swallow pills! They always make me feel like gagging.”

Can pills be curshed
Alternate form of PO or alternate route
Putting in food
Suggest a technique on how to take the pill

Can take liquid form of kids and have it for adults is possible

Kids  banana  tuck the pill in banana and will go through smoothly