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Social Psych Midterm > Perception: Embodiment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Perception: Embodiment Deck (5)
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1

Embodiment, general

Cognitive representations are grounded in sensorimotor systems

Links between bodily states and abstract concepts

Metaphors are more than just linguistic devices
Concepts grounded in physical states
• weight : importance
• e.g. estimated value of foreign currency is depedent on weight of clipboard

2

Eskine et al: Taste and Morality

“sweet person”
• people who eat sweets or higher personality traits associated with “sweetness”
• Sweets are possibly associated with childhood

Fishy Smells
o people trust each other less when there is a faint fish smell
o also, once suspicion is created, people are able to detect fish smell more quickly

dirty hands, dirty mouths
e.g. working in office, find folder of competitor for promotion
o those who lied by voicemail had increased interest in mouthwash ads
• those who lied the email showed increased interest in hand sanitizer

Think outside of the box
o people physically inside of the box become less creative

Lean left/lean right
• balance board, lower estimates when leaning left
• related to number line -2, -1, 0, 1, 2

3

Slepian et al. Proprioception & Perception

Embodied Cognition

*social-categorical knowledge across contexts is, in part, embodied

The same sensation can ground knowledge regarding different social groups by mapping different properties of those sensations on two distinct traits

Social categorization is embodied by means of perceptual symbols, rather than strictly through metaphor

The study suggests that person knowledge is itself based in the sensorimotor system, even for novel socially constructed categories

Conceptual Thought Theory
Perceptual Symbol Systems Theory

4

Conceptual Thought Theory

Concrete experiences are drawn upon to aid the comprehension of abstract concepts

Properties of the concrete domain are metaphorically mapped onto elements of an abstract domain

Since a concrete bodily sensation can be experienced directly, one does not need to draw on abstract domain for better comprehension

This predicts that a concrete experience can influence conceptual processing, but that exposure to an abstract concept will not influence sensation
*Hard ball influenced categorization of Republicans vs. Democrats

5

Perceptual Symbol Systems Theory

Social categories consist of multimodal states

Thinking of a social category consequently leads to a simulation of relevant sensorimotor states, contrary to previous limitations proposed by Conceptual Thought Theory

I.e., exposure to a concept can influence sensation
*ball felt harder or softer