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Flashcards in PAINTINGS Deck (59)
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1

Painting Facts

Chitrasutra by VishnuDharmottara Purana - Oral tradition recorded around 5th Century AD
Kamasutra carries 6 principles of painting called shadanga of paintings

2

Murals

Done on walls eg Cave paintings ,red yellow black colours ,figures of animals etc
Jogimara caves in Jharkhand , Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra , Bagh caves in Madhya Pradesh, Badami in Karnataka

3

Bhimbetka

Madhya pradesh Rock cut caves

4

Jogimara

First human expert painters ,jharkhand , chattisgarh

5

Ajanta

Maharashtra

Depict buddha life  and jataka tales,both hinaya and mahayana phase
Dying princess, Padmapani- Bodhissatva very popular - Lotus bearer , Vajrapani - bearer of thunderbolt and also flying apsara

6

Ellora

Jaina buddha hindu ,ramayana mahabharata

7

Pitalkhora

Maharashtra Buddhist Caves of HINAYA Buddhism

8

Bagh caves

Madhya Pradesh Secular painting, common themes

9

Badami

Karnataka ,hindu temples , vakataka kings and chalukya kings

10

Ravan chaya

Odissa

11

Armamalai

Tamil nadu ,Jainnpaintings

12

Later Murals

Vijaynagra, Nayaka amd Kerela Murals

13

Miniature Paintings

Pala School ,Apbhramsa School, Chola , Kashmiri School and mughals

14

Pala School of Miniature

Influencrd by Vajrayana school of buddhism , they were compact form of murals
Generally made on palm leaves and paper
Example of it is.illistrated manuscript Astahazarika prajnaparamita buddhist text

15

Apbhramsa School

angular faces , pointed nose, potruded eyes , themes were Gita Govinda , Secular love
Gujrat Later influenced rajasthan and mewar styles and illustrated on JAIN manuscripts like Kalpasautra and Kalakcharya

16

Extras
Kashmir school, Mysore ,Deccan , Mughal etc etc
Mughal Paintings

Humayun brought painters with him like Mir sayid ali and Abdus Samad
Mughals bought miniature paintings ehich later influenced Rajasthani and Pahari Miniatures
Blend of Indian, Persian , Islamic,Popular under Akbar Jahangir Shahjahan

17

Tuti Nama

Commissioned by Akbar ,it was by Mir Sayyid Ali and Abdus Samad
Parrot tales 52 stories ,250 miniatures

18

Hamza Nama Or Dastir e Amir Hamza

1200 paintings on cloth ,original 1500 leaves
Also commissioned by Akbar - 14 years to complete

19

Akbar

Focussed less on portraits but started it tradition
This mughal emproror Did not focus on religious themes

20

Jahangir Zenith reached of miniatures

Nature lover ,flora and fauna paintingd ,decorative margins
Mansur famous painter under him ,works like Siberian crane and bengal florican and dodo

21

Jahangir

Under this king was bishan das called unrivalled master portrait

22

Shahjahan

Quality declined too bright colours and european influence

23

Mughal vs rajasthani

Secular vs religious style of painting,hunting themes vs religious theme , muted colours vs bold primary colors, royal art vs Folk art

24

Rajasthani School

Also called rajput school , also called maru-gujar collectively
Divided into courtly (includes portrait) and literary
Limbs are Marwar style, Dhundhar style,Hadoti style ,Mewar Style

25

Marwar paintings

Kishangarh ,Bikaner and Jodhpur - Rajput Style
Kishangarh patron by Maharaja Sawant Singh - Radha Krishna- Long faces- Also Called Bani Thani Painting
Kishangarh school used primary colours ,most famous painter Nihal Chand of KG school under MarWar

26

Mewar Paintings

Nathdwar ,Udaipur , Devgarh , Sawar
Apabhransa influence of west ,fully removed the influence, Patrons Rana Kumbha , Rana sangha
Offshoot of central india ,Fish like eyes ,female smaller than male

27

Nathdwara of Mewar

Nathdwara themes are krishna and leelas
Pichwai paintings are eall paintingd of Nathdwara style - Hallmark - Ragmala and Krishna

28

Hadoti Paintings

Kota and Bundi Region
Bundi school
Close association with Mughals ,During time of Sujan Singh
focus on festivals and processions egs are Baramasa ans Rag Ragini
Women wear red and yellow , long slender ,embroidery ,Sky of different colours Eg. Chitrashala painting By maharaja umed singh

29

Kota School

Muslim and Hindu blend ,Opaque waters ,theme religion politics literature

30

Dhundhar School

Amber , Jaipir and Shekhawati