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Flashcards in CLASS XI NCERT FINE ARTS Deck (91)
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1

Rock Painting Cave Sites

Madhya Pradesh - Bhimbetka + Uttrakhand - Lakhudiyar, Maharashtra - Narsingarh
Uttar oradesh, kashmir ,bihar ,karnataka ,uttar pradesh Andhra Pradesh

2

Scenes Depicted in caves

Bulls elephants horses goatd ,vegatble motifs , humans, tridents

3

Paleo v Meso v chalco

Green and red imges v smaller ,hunting scenes ,head gears , fear of animals ,community dances v pottery, Metals white brown green black from haemetite , limestone etc

4

Indus valley Sites

Harappa and Mohamjemdaro - Pakistan ,Lothal and Dholavira - Gujrat
Kalibangan amd balathal Rajasthan ,Ropar Punjab,Rakhigiri Haryana

5

IVC Forms of art

Sculptures ,seals , pottery, gold hewellery, terracota ,stome statues of bearded man,Beonze Casting ,Pottery , Beads and ornaments

6

Found in Mohenjedaro

Steatite used + Shawl + Half closed eyes

7

Mohenjedaro

Used ost wax technique ,Others Coper Dog,Bird of lothal,Bull

8

Mohanjedaro -

Bronze Bull

9

Other goddess, Terracotta

Terracota others  Toy and carts

10

Found at Harappa,stone Sculpture

Made of Steatite , Agate,chert,copper , terrqcotta of Unicorn bull, rhino, tiger , elephant , bison , goat ,buffallo
2*2,Pictographic Script Engraved
Pashupati seal- Rhino,Buffalo,elephant,Deer,Bull-Found at Mohanjedaro

11

Pottery

Plain pottery more than painted ware ,in red clay,geometric design ,polychrome pottert found but rare Found at Harappa,stone Sculpture
Perforated pottery for alcohol

12

Harappan vs Mesopotamium

Rice cultivation and elephant domesticated vs meso didnt , no temples found in haraapan vs have been found ,used sesamum and mustard , lothal used rice vs Meso didnt, cottom earlier vs maybe later

13

Mauryan Period

Shraman Tradition - Buddha ,Jaina,Ashoka
Pillars, Sculptures ,Rock cut architecture,Construction if Stupas and Viharas

14

Archmedian vs Muaryan

Pieces vs monolithic , attachrd vs stnad alones

15

Sarnath pillar

National embelem - it has - horse ,bull, lion ,elephant


In sculptures , Yakshi of Didarganj, Patna  ,Bihar
Male counterpark Yaksha In Parkham found

16

Dhauli ,Orissa ,Rock Cut

Architecture , Lomus Rishi Caves , Barabar Hills ,Bihar
Chaitya Arch for Ajvika Sect

17

Madhya Pradesh Ashoka period
Early buddha

Depicted through symbols like Lotus and bull for birtg , horse for renunciation, bodhi tree.for.enlightenment ,chakra for dhammachakraparivartan, Emoty chair for death or Mahaprabhi

18

Post mauryan

Shungas , Kanvas, Kushanas,Guptas In north and Satvahnas ,Vakataks in South

19

Rise of Vaishnav and Shiavas
Bharhut

Madhya Pradesh - Yaksh Yakshinis, Queen Mayas dream, Jataka Story

20

Sanchi Stupa , UP

Mathura , More advanced Carving , Symbolic representation of Buddha Continues ,Detailed Panels Has Shalbhanjika(Door engravings )

21

Gandhara And Mathura

Both had Buddha in human form (not symobolic form)
Gandhara had influence of bactria,parthia And hellinistic but mathura was local
Mathura best examples in sanghol ,Punjab

22

Mathura

Lined oni mages of yaksha yakshinis shaivite and vaishnivite deities
2nd century images get sensual, more round ,fleshier
3rd century reduce flesh ,increased distance betweem two feet and body ,4th centuary even less flesh and drape also reduced

23

Katra Mound ,Seated Buddha

Found in Mathura

24

Gandhara

Taxila Region,Kushana Period , hybrid greco roman,hellicnistic
Potruding eye balls ,half closed,heaviness in eyes ,elongated ears
Achamedian, parthian ,bactrian
Gandhara

25

Sarnath Seated Buddha

5th century CE,made out of Chunar Sandstone
Slender , elongated , proportional,transparent drapery, image hands im dharmachakraparva mudra
Nibbana - Cesseation of Hate and Anger
Sarnath Seated Buddha

26

Vengi Or Amravati

Andhra Pradesh, Stupa Site
intense emotions , tribhnaga positions ,attention to clarity,jataka stories

27

Early Temples

Sadharana Or Nirandhara or Sarvotobhadra i.e without pakshdharma , with pakshadharma ,3rd all round accessiblitity
Sites , deogarh ,UP,Udaygiri,Vidisha
Viranda ,hall, shrine

28

Vengi

Aritists nagarjunkonda and goli

29

Cave Tradition

Ajanta,Ellora , Elephanta

30

Ajanta

Maharashtra 29 Caves
Patrons Varahadeva  Harishena, Upemdragupta
Paintings found - natural not over style,less colours ,brown, greenish ,yellowish