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Flashcards in Oceans - Pt 2 Deck (41)
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1

true or false? Tides are a type of wave?

True

2

what is the usual frequency of the tides?

Occur once every 12 hr and 24 hr

3

Main driving force of tides?

gravitational interaction between the earth and the sun or moon

4

define tide:

periodic rise and fall of ocean water levels

5

How much stronger are moon tides than sun tides?

twice as strong because the moon is closer

6

What are the 2 kinds of tidal bulges?

1) spring tide
2) neap tide

7

Spring tide

-highest high tide and lowest low tide
-occur when the sun and moon line up

8

Why does the tidal bulge appear on both sides of the earth if the moon is not present on both sides of the earth?

The bulge results from the moon's gravitational pull on one side, and is present on the other due to the rotation of the earth beneath the bulge that generates a centrifugal force that prevents the bulge from collapsing.

9

Neap tide

-lowest high tide and highest low tide
-occur when the sun and the moon line up at 90 degree angle from the earth

10

true or false? Tidal waves interact with the bottom of the ocean?

true

11

Types of tides? (3)

1) semi-diurnal tides
2) diurnal tides
3) mixed tides

12

Semi-dirunal tides

2 high tides and 2 low tides per day

13

Diurnal tides

1 high tide and 1 low tide per day

14

Mixed tides

semi-diurnal signal modulated by a diurnal signal

15

What impaires tidal waves?

Interaction with land masses and friction at the bottom of the ocean. This causes tidal waves to break into cells and rotate around an amphidromic point (point of no amplitude)

16

What type of tidal waves does the Gulph of St. Lawrence (Ottawa-ish area) receive?

mixed tides

17

What other areas experience mixed tides (I don't imagine this is super duper important)

Atlantic Coast, Caribbean Sea, and some of the Gulph of Mexico

18

True or false? The Bay of Fundy experiences the largest tidal range?

True. 15 m range. This is due to the natural frequency of the funnel-shaped bay

19

What is a tidal current?

Horizontal water movement caused by tides

20

What are the 2 kinds of tidal currents?

1) flood current (high tide)
2) ebb current (low tide)

21

Tidal bore

A steep fronted wave that moves up a river as tides rise

22

What are the 2 driving forces of ocean currents?

1) Wind, and the drag it creates at the surface
2) density differences

23

What are the 2 categories of ocean currents?

1) surface currents
2) Deep-water currents

24

What is the primary driving force of surface ocean currents?

wind

25

What is the primary driving force of deep-water ocean currents?

density differences

26

Water is more dense when it ____ and _____

a) has a high salt concentration
b) has a lower temperature

27

What is the cause for the Coriolis force? In what direction does it deflect objects in the Northern hemisphere? What about the Southern hemisphere?

-Earth's rotation is the cause of this force.
-This force deflects moving objects to the right (clockwise) in the N.H, and to the left (CCW) in the S. H

28

What are the effects of the Coriolis force? (3)

1) Results in the decoupling between travelling object and the earth spinning underneath it
2) the effects are greater at longer distances and higher latitudes
3) impacts large-scale atmospheric and ocean circulation

29

What is the Ekman spiral?

Coriolis force as applied to wind driven surface currents

30

What are 2 assumptions made regarding the ekman spiral?

1) the ocean s of unlimited depth
2) uniform viscosity