Lesson 4A (Part 1) Flashcards Preview

High Resolution > Lesson 4A (Part 1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 4A (Part 1) Deck (31)
Loading flashcards...
1

What does the prostate lay?

In the pelvic cavity

2

Where is the prostate located? (2)

In front of the rectum
2. Behind the symphysis pubis
- surrounding the first part of the urethra

3

What does the prostate consist of?

An outer fibrous covering
- a layer of smooth muscle and glandular substance composed

4

What is the most common reason for getting the prostate scanned?

Nocturia

5

Nocturia

Is a condition in which you wake up during the night because you have to urinate

6

How is the prostate divided up? (2)

1. Glandular tissue
2. Non-glandular tissue

7

What is the glandular tissue made up of? (2)

1. Ducts
2. Glands

8

What do the ducts and glands of the glandular tissues do?

Secrete fluid

9

What is the tissue that makes up the non-glandular tissue of the prostate?

Fibromuscular tissue

10

How is the prostate gland classified? (2)

1. Prostatic capsule
2. Four zones

11

What are the 4 zones of the prostate gland?

1. The anterior
2. The transition
3. The central
4. The peripheral

12

What is the prostate gland encased in?

Fibromuscular layer

13

What is the fibromuscular layer also known as?

Prostatic capsule

14

What kind of capsule is the prostatic capsule?

Not a true capsule

15

What is the most prominent along the base of the prostate gland?

Prostatic capsule

16

What does extracapsular extension refer to?

To prostate cancer that has spread outside of the prostate capsule and into the surrounding tissues and organs

17

Where is the anterior zone located?

In the front of the prostate gland

18

What does the front of the prostate gland refer to?

The part of the prostate gland which is closest to the abdomen rather than the rectum

19

What kind of tissue is non glandular tissue?

Muscular tissue

20

Where is the transition zone?

The innermost part of the prostate gland and surrounds the urethra where it passes through the organ

21

When does the transition zone begin to enlarge?

When a man passes the age of 40

22

Why does the enlargement of the transition zone cause difficulty with urination or ejaculation?

Because of the immediate proximity to the urethra

23

What % does the transition zone make up of the glandular volume?

5%

24

What % is the transition zone a site for prostate cancer?

10%

25

When does the central zone begin to enlarge?

After the age of 40

26

What does the central zone surround?

The transition zone

27

What % of the transition zone is non glandular volume?

25%

28

What % of central zone is involved with prostate cancer cases?

5%

29

Where is the peripheral zone located?

In the back of the prostate gland closest to the rectum

30

What % of the peripheral zone is involved with prostatic volume?

80%