Flashcards in Health & Safety Deck (32)
How do you ensure your safety on an inspection?
- Charged mobile phone - Plan an escape route - Implement a call back system with office - Make calendar available to colleagues - Make sure you know who you are meeting - Be aware of aggressive occupants and dogs - Follow your instinct
What is the importance of Health & Safety
Minimises the risk of harm.
Tell me about RICS Surveying Safely
Effective 1st Feb 2019. Global GN. Basic good practice principles for health and safety in the workplace.
Lays out corporate and individual responsibilities.
Required to follow alongside local legislation – Health and Safety Act 1974.
- Corporate responsibilities: Line management structure, staff training, company policies & procedures, clear accountability, insurance, adequate resources. Investigate incidents.
- Personal responsibilities: Responsible for own H&S and anyone under your care. Duty to comply with company policies & procedures. Report breaches in good time, personal risk assessment, wear PPE, do staff training.
What are the key changes (RICS Surveying Safely)
- Introduction of the ‘safe person’ concept
- Greater emphasis on individual responsibility and competence
- Firms must provide; a safe working environment, safe work equipment, safe systems of work, competent staff
What is the safe person concept? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Each individual assumes behavioural responsibility for their own, colleagues and other’ h&s whilst at work.
- Safe and healthy at all times
- Assume prime responsibility for own well-being
What is competence? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Defined as having sufficient knowledge, experience and ability to carry out duties and tasks. Recognise own limitations. Take action to prevent harm to those carrying out tasks or who may be affected.
What is the difference between a hazard and a risk? Examples? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Hazard: something with the potential to cause harm Risk: likelihood of harm being realised
What is a risk assessment? How would you carry out a risk assessment? (RICS Surveying Safely)
What: carefully examining what in your work could cause harm to people.
How: Surveying Safely provides an audit template to give a risk score (0 to 5).
- Identify HAZARDS
- Who will be harmed/affected
- Evaluate RISK and decide precautions. Create a METHOD STATEMENT.
- Record findings and implement
- Advise those affected
When: legal requirement if more than 5 staff
Hierarchy of risk control: (RICS Surveying Safely)
Reduce risk to lowest possible level, PPE should only be used after all other measures ineffective:
3. Engineering controls
4. Administrative controls
What are some of the main areas of risk when working on a construction site? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Increased risk. Exposed to excess noise or vibration, exposed to toxic/hazardous materials, required to drive for extended periods, lone working, working close to vehicles, working close to fast-flowing/deep water
What H&S guidance is there for residential property? What are the key principles? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Guidance: Health and safety for residential property managers, 1st edition 2016. Referenced in Surveying Safely.
What is work related stress? 6 key areas (RICS Surveying Safely)
Adverse reactions suffered by individuals due to demands/pressures placed on the at work.
1. Demands e.g. workload, work patterns, environment
2. Control e.g. over their work
3. Support e.g. encouragement, resources, management attitude
4. Relationships e.g. avoiding conflict, dealing with unacceptable behaviour, positive environment
5. Role e.g. do they understand their role?
6. Change e.g. how organisational change is managed/communicated
What is occupational risk management? (RICS Surveying Safely)
Occupational hygiene - identify and control exposure to harmful agents in the workplace that cause ill health
Occupational health - considers the physical and mental effects of work on health
What is PPE? Examples. (RICS Surveying Safely)
Personal Protective Equipment. Should be used when all other risk management measures found ineffective. Helmets, steel capped boots, ear defenders, face masks, overalls, torches, safety harnesses, hi visibility clothing. Protects from risk of injury to skin, lungs, eyes, body. Corporate responsibility: Should be maintained in good condition by EMPLOYER and provided FREE OF CHARGE. Personal responsibility: to wear PPE
When were the Control of Asbestos Regulations last updated? Penalties.
£10k max. fine / 12 months imprisonment
Under the asbestos regulations, who is the duty holder?
Owner of the premises if vacant, or the tenant if holding a REPAIRING LEASE
Place of Work / Workplace H&S. What were the changes implemented for you? Why were they implemented?
Chair settings, feet flat on ground, screen height, posture recommendations, mouse pad.
What should you look out for in relation to fire safety on an inspection?
Reasonable' precautions taken:
- detection and alarm systems
- equipment (extinguishers, blankets)
- safe exit and escape routes
- emergency lighting
- sprinkler systems
- presence of ACMs (combustible materials) - combustible cladding is illegal on resi over 18m since Sept '18
What is the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974?
Duty to every employer to ensure, so far as reasoanbly practiceable, the health, safety and wellness at work of all employees.
Policed by Health and Safety Executive HSE
Must report injuries and undertake risk assessment.
Who is in charge of ensuring Health & Safety at your company?
My company have a health & safety officer; however the Health & Safety at Work Act also gives me a duty of care to take reasonable care of my own health and safety and that of others around me. I ensure I cooperate with others regarding health and safety and follow training and procedures.
Before you visit a development site, what do you do?
If I am going alone I put it in my calendar and inform my colleagues where I am going and who I am meeting
I also take a mobile phone
I check the condition of the site, so I know what to expect
I check there will be suitable PPE gear provided, if not I ensure I take my own
When I arrive at site I sign in with the site manager and ensure I am briefed on any hazards on site and the evacuation procedures
What do you consider when going into an old building?
If the building was built before 1999 I would check the Asbestos Register to see if and where asbestos was present.
If your client wanted to refurbish or demolish a building where asbestos was present, what would you advise?
I would advise that in order to comply with the Control of Asbestos Regulations, they would be required to appoint a specialist to undertake a refurbishment or demolition survey to identify where asbestos is present and how this should be managed during the works.
How should H&S be managed on a construction site?
Under the Construction Design and Management Regulations 2015, there are various roles to ensure H&S on a construction site:
The Client – duty to ensure the project is suitable managed
Designer e.g. architects – duty to eliminate, reduce or control foreseeable risks which may arise during construction or in the use of the building once built
Principal designer – where one or more contractor is appointed on site a Principal Designer should be appointed to plan, manage, monitor and coordinate H&S during the pre-construction phase
Principal contractor – where one or more contractor is appointed on site a Principal Contractor should be appointed to plan, manage, monitor and coordinate H&S during the construction phase
What regulates asbestos & types & surveys?
The control of Asbestos Regulation 2012
- Brown (amosite) banded in 1985
- Blue (crocidolite) banned in 1985
- White (chrysotile) illegal in 1999
- Management survey – to locate and assess asbestos and advise on its management
- Demolition survey – samples of expected surveys are analysed
What are the elements of the H&S 1974 act
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA) lays down wide-ranging duties on employers. Employers must protect the 'health, safety and welfare' at work of all their employees, as well as others on their premises, including temps, casual workers, the self-employed, clients, visitors and the general public.
What are the recent changes to Fire safety?
- Hackett review - 50 recommendations to the current system to ensure a more robust regulatory system.
- ban on the use of combustible cladding on buildings over 18m since Sept18.
April 2020 - Fire Safety Bill (amend 2005 order)
- A new fire safety regular (a single joint competent authority)
- Introduction of building safety bill (clearer accountability and stronger duties)
- £1bn to combat cladding over 18m
- relaunch the governments 'Fire Safety Kills'
As a duty holder, how would you deal with asbestos?
1. Must assess whether the premise contains asbestos
2. Assess the risk and produce a management plan
3. Produce an Asbestos Register
4. Make the register available to all relevant parties
5. Review the register regularly (bi-annually)
What are CDM Regulations 2015
Construction, Design & Management - a criminal offence to breach CDM regs. Applies for the design and management of all commercial buildings and resi development.
Aims to improve the overall management and coordination of H&S at all stages of a construction project.