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Flashcards in Exam McFuckery Deck (100)
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31

Rene Descartes

Quotes; Cogito ergo sum

32

Antoine Arnauld

Big Idea; precision of thought is essential to life

33

Nicolas Malebranche

Big Idea; 3 types of matter, mind, matter & God

34

Benedict de Spinoza

Remembered for; mind and body are different ways of conceiving the same reality

35

G.W. von Leibniz

Big Idea; rationalists, the world is made up of an infinity of monads

36

John Locke

Quote; Tabula Rasa, “The only defense against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.”

37

David Hume

Quote; “Liberty of any kind is never lost all at once.”

38

Thomas Reid

Remembered for; rejecting the assumption that the mind is an intermediaries between the subject & the world

39

Voltaire

Big Idea; reason over superstition, freedom of expression

40

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Quote; “Man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains”

41

Denis Diderot

Quotes; “from fanaticism to barbarism is only one step” “scepticism is the first step towards truth”

42

George Berkeley

Quote; “To be is to be perceived”

43

Immanuel Kant

Quote; “All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.”

44

Johann Christoph Schiller

Quote; “the voice of the majority is no proof of justice”

45

Frederick Wilhelm Schelling

Big Idea; termed the word “unconsciousness”

46

G. W. F. Hegel

Big Idea; the ideas we have are rooted in the ideas that others have had before, you’re not an island,

47

Arthur Schopenhauer

Remember for; will, four fold wisdom (4 noble truths of buddhism), pessimism eugenics (personality & intelligence are inherited)

48

Adam Smith

Remembered for;invisible hand, free market, division of labour

49

Mary Wollstonecraft

Big Idea; all humans are rational, both women and men reflect God’s image

50

Thomas Paine

Quote; “My owned mind is my own church”

51

Jeremy Bentham

Big Idea; Principle of Utility

52

John Stuart Mill

Quote;“I have learned to seek my happiness by limiting my desires, rather than in attempting to satisfy them.”

53

Auguste Comte

Big Idea; religion of humanity, social evolution, altruism, law of three stages

54

Charles Robert Darwin

Natural selection

55

Henri Louis Bergson

Quote; “To exist is to change, to change is to mature, to mature is to go on creating oneself endlessly.”

56

Alfred North Whitehead

Quote; "there is urgency in coming to see the world as a web of interrelated processes of which we are integral parts, so that all of our choices and actions have consequences for the world around us."

57

Ernst Mach

Quote; “We only know one source which reveals scientific facts; our senses”

58

Charles Sanders Peirce

Big Idea; knowledge is a means of stabilizing our doubts and behaviors

59

William James

Quote; “If you change your mind you can change your life.”

60

John Dewey

Quote; "Persons do not become a society by living in physical proximity any more than a man ceases to be socially influenced by being so many feet or miles removed from others"