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Flashcards in Exam McFuckery Deck (100)
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1

Thales of Miletus

Big idea: explain phenomena without referencing gods or goddesses

2

Pythagoras of Samos

Big idea: reality can be explained through numbers

3

Xenophanes of Colophon

Big idea: gods & goddesses are reflections of those who create them

4

Heraclitus

Big idea: nature and reality are constantly changing

5

Parmenides of Elea

said “one can’t know what is not”

6

Zeno of Elea

said “if everything that exists has a place, place too will have a place, and so on ad infinitum”

7

Socrates

Big Idea: `know thy self`

8

Plato

Big idea: Plato`s cave

9

Aristotle

Big Idea: purpose (teleology) = everything has a telos (goal) and it's everything's job to attain it

10

Democritus

Big Idea: universe consisted of atoms in constant motion

11

Epicurus

Big Idea: happiness is the elimination of pain

12

Diogenes of Sinope

Big Idea; mastery of self = happiness

13

Seneca

Remembered for; simple life = virtue & reason

14

Cicero

Quote; “a room without books is like a room without a soul”

15

Marcus Aurelius

Quote; “the happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts”

16

Plotinus

Remembered for; reworking Plato's ideas with Aristotle`s influence

17

St. Augustine

Quote; “rational thought is the servant of faith” “unless that believe thou shalt not understand”

18

Boethius

Remembered for; translating Aristotle into latin

19

St. Anselm

Big Idea; God can’t think of something greater than himself

20

St. Thomas Aquinas

Quote; “if the hand does not move the stick, the stick will not move anything else”

21

John Duns Scotus

Remembered for; 3 modes of knowing

22

William of Occam

Big Idea; simplicity is preferred when possible

23

Nicolaus Copernicus

Quote;“To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.”

24

Niccolo Machiavelli

Quote; “Since love and fear can hardly exist together, if we must choose between them, it is far safer to be feared than loved”

25

Thomas More

Quote; “For if you suffer your people to be ill-educated, and their manners to be corrupted from their infancy, and then punish them for those crimes to which their first education disposed them, what else is to be concluded from this, but that you first make thieves and then punish them.”

26

Desiderius Erasmus

Quote; “the chief element of happiness is this; to want to be what you are”

27

Francis Bacon

Big Idea; empiricism; knowledge is achieved through systematic observation / sensory experience

28

Galileo Galilei

Quotes; “the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics”

29

Thomas Hobbes

Quote; “without the rule of law the state of nature is solitary, short, poor, brutish”

30

Isaac Newton

Big Idea; asserting that the universe/nature runs according to law-governed mechanical principles