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Flashcards in THIRTH TEST THO Deck (21)
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1

Thomas More

For if you suffer your people to be ill-educated, and their manners to be corrupted from their infancy, and then punish them for those crimes to which their first education disposed them, what else is to be concluded from this, but that you first make thieves and then punish them.

2

Desiderius Erasmus

the chief element of happiness is this; to want to be what you are

3

Francis Bacon

empiricism; knowledge is achieved through systematic observation / sensory experience

4

Galileo Galilei

the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics

5

Thomas Hobbes

without the rule of law the state of nature is solitary, short, poor, brutish

6

Isaac Newton

asserting that the universe/nature runs according to law-governed mechanical principles

7

Rene Descartes

Cogito ergo sum

8

Antoine Arnauld

precision of thought is essential to life

9

Nicolas Malebranche

3 types of matter, mind, matter & God

10

Benedict de Spinoza

mind and body are different ways of conceiving the same reality

11

G.W. von Leibniz

the world is made up of an infinity of monads

12

John Locke

Tabula Rasa

13

David Hume

Liberty of any kind is never lost all at once

14

Thomas Reid

rejecting the assumption that the mind is an intermediaries between the subject & the world

15

Voltaire

freedom of expression

16

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains

17

Denis Diderot

scepticism is the first step towards truth

18

George Berkeley

To be is to be perceived

19

Immanuel Kant

All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.

20

Johann Christoph Schiller

the voice of the majority is no proof of justice

21

Frederick Wilhelm Schelling

termed the word “unconsciousness”