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Flashcards in SECOND TEST BRO Deck (18)
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1

Define: Reasoning

The process of forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises

2

What are the first two reasons to reason?

Helps us make decisions and avoid manipulation

3

What are the second two reasons to reason?

To defend our position and determine the validity of the information

4

What is the last reason to reason?

It helps us make sense of our world

5

Define Formal Logic

Study of deductive arguments

6

What is the Law of Identity?

The identity of a thing has to do with its properties

7

What is the Law of Noncontradiction?

A proposition cannot be true and false at the same time in the same respect

8

What is the Law of the Excluded Middle?

Proposition is either true or false, no middle ground

9

Define Proposition

Statement that is considered to be either true or false

10

Seneca

Simple life = virtue & reason

11

Cicero

“a room without books is like a room without a soul”

12

Marcus Aurelius

“the happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts”

13

Plotinus

reworking Plato's ideas with Aristotle's influence

14

St. Augustine

“rational thought is the servant of faith” “unless that believe thou shalt not understand”

15

Boethius

translating Aristotle into Latin

16

St. Anselm

God can’t think of something greater than himself

17

St. Thomas Aquinas

"If the hand does not move the stick, the stick will not move anything"

18

John Duns Scotus

3 modes of knowing (pain, emotions, and senses)