Flashcards in SECOND TEST BRO Deck (18)
The process of forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises
What are the first two reasons to reason?
Helps us make decisions and avoid manipulation
What are the second two reasons to reason?
To defend our position and determine the validity of the information
What is the last reason to reason?
It helps us make sense of our world
Define Formal Logic
Study of deductive arguments
What is the Law of Identity?
The identity of a thing has to do with its properties
What is the Law of Noncontradiction?
A proposition cannot be true and false at the same time in the same respect
What is the Law of the Excluded Middle?
Proposition is either true or false, no middle ground
Statement that is considered to be either true or false
Simple life = virtue & reason
“a room without books is like a room without a soul”
“the happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts”
reworking Plato's ideas with Aristotle's influence
“rational thought is the servant of faith” “unless that believe thou shalt not understand”
translating Aristotle into Latin
God can’t think of something greater than himself
St. Thomas Aquinas
"If the hand does not move the stick, the stick will not move anything"