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Flashcards in DECEMBER 2019 Deck (67)
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It was established in 1997 and is a regional forum that seeks to build and expand understanding and mutually beneficial cooperation through a consensus-based, evolutionary and non-intrusive approach.
IORA has 22 member states, including Australia, Bangladesh, Comoros, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Seychelles, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, UAE, and Yemen.Its Secretariat is based in Cyber City, Ebène, Mauritius.


Second Launchpad

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has commenced land acquisition for its second launchpad in Kulasekarapattinam, a town in the Thoothukudi (Tuticorin) district of Tamil Nadu



GIMS is the instant messaging platform for Government communication. GIMS platform provides GIMS mobile client for instant messaging and GIMS Portal for administration and monitoring of platform. It is Designed to suit the hierarchy and communication policies of the government.
Designed and developed by the Kerala unit of National Informatics Centre (NIC),There are specific provisions in GIMS for documents and media sharing in keeping



Home Ministry has alerted States, warning them about the vulnerability of the Android operating system to a bug called 'StrandHogg'.
It is a vulnerability in android which allows real-time malware applications to pose as genuine applications and access user data of all kinds.


Global Gender Gap Index

India has been ranked 112th among 153 countries in the annual Global Gender Gap Index for 2020, published by the World Economic Forum (WEF).The WEF published its first gender gap index in 2006.
Gender parity in four dimensions:Economic Participation and Opportunity,Educational Attainment,Health and Survival andPolitical Empowerment
Yemen is ranked the worst (153rd), while Iraq is 152nd and Pakistan 151st.


National Broadband mission

Ministry of Communications has launched ‘National Broadband Mission’ that will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas.The Mission is part of the National Digital Communications Policy, 2018.
Features-Broadband access to all villages by 2022.Significantly improve quality of services for mobile and internet.Develop a Broadband Readiness Index (BRI) to measure the availability of digital communications infrastructure


Bibha Star

BhibhaThe star has been named in honour of a pioneering Indian woman scientist Bibha Choudhury, who discovered subatomic particle, pi-meson.‘Bhibha’ also means “a bright beam of light” in Bengali.It is located in the constellation of Sextans. It is as hot as the sun, with a surface temperature of about 6,000 degrees Kelvin. It is 1.55 times bigger, 1.21 times massive, and 1.75 times brighter.


Santamana planet

SantamasaThe planet has been named S’antamasa’ to reflect the cloudy nature of its atmosphere. ‘Santamasa’ is the Sanskrit term for ‘clouded’.


Houbara bustard

government of Pakistan has issued special permits to the Emir of Qatar and nine other members of the royal family to hunt the Houbara Bustard, an internationally protected bird species
(IUCN) recognises two distinct species found in:North Africa (Chlamydotis undulata) andAsia (Chlamydotis macqueenii).
IUCN Status- Vulnerable


Silver line project

The Ministry of Railways has granted in-principle approval for the ‘Silver Line’  of Kerala government
It involves laying of semi high-speed trains between the two corners of the state of Kerala.



Gaofen-11 is sub-meter resolution optical satellite. It was developed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST). It is the sixth in Gaofen series
Cheos China Highresolution earth Observation Systen


Operation Twist

The Reserve Bank of India has announced that it will carry out US-style 'Operation Twist' to bring down interest rates RBI will conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO) for ₹10,000 crore each.It will purchase the longer-term maturities (i.e government bonds maturing in 2029), and simultaneously sell the shorter duration ones (i.e. short-term bonds maturing in 2020).The eligible participants can bid or submit offers in electronic format on RBI’s Core Banking Solution (E-Kuber).
Operation Twist’ is when the central bank uses the proceeds from the sale of short-term securities to buy long-term government debt papers, leading to easing of interest rates on the long term papers.Operation Twist first appeared in 1961 as a way to strengthen the U.S. dollar and stimulate cash flow into the economy.


Gandhi Citizenship Education Prize

While addressing the second meeting of the National Committee for Commemoration of the 150th Birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the Portuguese Prime Minister, Antonio Costa has announced the Gandhi Citizenship Education Prize in order to perpetuate Mahatma Gandhi’s ideals in Portugal.The first edition of prize will be dedicated to animal welfare.Antonio Costa is also known as the ‘Gandhi of Lisbon’ for his work along Gandhian principles. Lisbon is the Capital of Portugal.
A National Committee (NC) headed by the President of India, including Vice-President, Prime Minister, Chief Minister of all States, representatives from across the political spectrum, Gandhians, thinkers, and eminent persons from all walks of life.
Executive Committee (EC) headed by the Prime Minister of India. The mandate of the committee has been described below:To consider policies and lay down guidelines for the commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.


Rhino reintroduction

Uttarakhand State Wildlife Board has cleared a proposal by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) to introduce rhinoceroses in the Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR).Around 10 rhinos will be brought in CTR in the first phase and 10 more would be added subsequently. A proposal will be sent to the Center for transporting rhinos from either Assam or West Bengal or both.
Wildlife Institute of IndiaIt is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.It was established in 1982.It is based in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.


Echo Network

EChO Network is a collaborative effort of the Government of India, industry and academia.EChO Network is a national program to provide a template for cross-disciplinary leadership related to ecology and environment.
The Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India has brought together multiple stakeholders for this large social innovation partnership. This initiative will catalyze a new generation of Indians across industry, government, private, and academic sectors who can synthesize interdisciplinary concepts and tackle real-world problems in human and environmental ecosystems.


Spike missile

Spike is an Israeli fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge HEAT warhead, currently in its fourth-generation.[4] It was developed and designed by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. It is available in man-portable, vehicle-launched, and helicopter-launched variants.


Guru Ghasidas NP

Chhattisgarh state is set to have Guru Ghasidas National Park in Kotiya district as its fourth ‘tiger reserve’. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) had approved to declare Guru Ghasidas National Park as a tiger reserve in 2014.
Sanjay Gandhi NP Renamed in Chattisgarh


Change if Currency of africa

Eight West African countries Saturday agreed to change the name of their common currency to Eco and severed the CFA franc's links to former colonial ruler France. The CFA franc was initially pegged to the French franc and has been linked to the euro for about two decades
The 8 West African countries namely- Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Senegal, Togo and Guinea-Bissau currently use CFA France as their currency. All these countries, except Guinea-Bissau, are former French colonies.


Chilai Kalan

Chillai-Kalan, a traditional 40-day long period of extreme cold in Kashmir, began on December 21 and will continue till January 31 followed by Chillai-Khurd and Chillai-Bachha.Chillai-Khurd (small cold), a 20-day long period which starts from January 31 to February 19.
Chillai-Bachha (baby cold), a 10-day long period follows which occurs between February 20 and March 2.As per India Meteorological Department (IMD), the period mostly remains wet as the upper part of the Kashmir Valley receives heavy snowfall and the minimum temperature drops considerably.



Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), has launched a student-scientist connect programme 'JIGYASA' in collaboration with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathans (KVS).The focus is on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend student’s classroom learning with that of a very well planned research laboratory based learning..
The “JIGYASA” would inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness on one hand and scientific temper on the other, amongst the school students and their teachers. The Programme is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annuallyj



CHEOPS (CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite) is a European space telescope satellite to determine the size of known extrasolar planets, which will allow the estimation of their mass, density, composition and their formation. Launched on 18 December 2019, it is the first Small-class mission in ESA's Cosmic Vision science


Open Market Operations

OMOs are conducted by the RBI by way of sale or purchase of government securities (g-secs) to adjust money supply conditions. Quantitative measure


Guru Ghasidas

Guru Ghasidas (1756–1850)[1] was Guru (teacher) of the Satnampanth in the early 19th century. Satnami sect is similar to Sikhism. It was Guru Ghasidas to start treating everyone as same in deep forested part of Chhattisgarh, India.[2]
Saint Guru Ghasidas[5] established Satnami community in Chhattisgarh, India based on "Satnam" (meaning "Truth") and equality. The Guru's teachings and philosophy is similar to sikhism. Guru Ghasidas created a symbol of truth called "jaitkhambh" – a white painted log of wood, with a white flag on the top. The structure indicates a white man who follows the truth "satnam" is always steadfast and is the pillar of truth (satya ka stambh).


FADF Fisheries and Aquaculture Development fund

To double farmers’ income by 2022 the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved creation of FAIDF recently. The proposal for creation of fund was made in budget 2018-19.
The main aim is to boost fish production to achieve the target of producing 15 million tonnes of fish production by 2020 and 20 million tonnes by 2022-23 from current production of 11.4 million tonnes. The aim to achieve this target was set under Blue revolution.The nodal agencies for the fund will be National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and scheduled banks.The fund being raised by nodal loaning entities (NLE).


National Green corps Eco Clubs

National Green Corps Ecoclub programme was recently organized by the Environment Ministry’s Education Division in collaboration with the GEER Foundation (Gujarat). It was held from 20th-21st December 2019 in Kevadia, Gujarat.


Oxygen Parlour

Oxygen Parlour' at Nashik Railway Station to combat air pollution1 min read . 23 Dec 2019ANIThe initiative comes with the efforts of Airo Guard in collaboration with the Indian RailwaysThe commuters at the railway station also commended the effort as a positive step towards combating air pollution in the cities across the country


Nagpur Resolution , Maharasthra, Public Service Delivery

Recently, the ‘Nagpur Resolution- A Holistic Approach for Empowering Citizens’ was adopted during the session on ‘Improving Public Service Delivery – Role of Governments’, in Nagpur, Maharashtra.The conference was organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG), Government of India, in collaboration with the Government of Maharashtra and the Maharashtra State Commission for Right to Public Services.


Rohtang Pass

Rohtang Pass re named as such due to people working in CBRE dying in bad weather trying to cross the pass) . 5]It is a high mountain pass (elevation 3,980 m (13,058 ft)) on the eastern Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas around 51 km (32 mi) from Manali. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh, India.


Atal Bhujal Yojna

The Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY) is a central sector scheme worth Rs.6,000 crore for sustainable management of groundwater with community participation.It envisages people's participation through the formation of ‘Water User Associations’, water budgeting, preparation & implementation of Gram-panchayat-wise water security plans, etc.It is being implemented by the Ministry of Jal Shakti (earlier known as Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation).
The scheme is being funded by the Government of India and the World Bank on 50:50 basis.


Good governance index

The Good Governance Day is observed on 25th December to mark the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.On this occasion, a number of initiatives have been taken by the government viz. the launch of Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL), naming of tunnel under Rohtang Pass as Atal Tunnel and the launch of Good Governance Index (GGI).