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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (7)
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1

Define Superior / Inferior in relation to the Anatomical Position

Superior - above
Inferior - below

Ex:
Head is Superior to Foot
Foot is Inferior to your Head

2

Define Medial / Lateral in relation to the Anatomical Position

Medial - Closer to the Midline
Lateral - Further from the Midline

Ex:
Eyes are Medial to Ears
Ears are Lateral to your eyes

3

What is the Midline in relation to the Anatomical Position

The midline is an imaginary vertical line drawn right down the center of the body.

4

Define Anterior / Posterior in relation to the Anatomical Position

Anterior - In front of
Posterior - Behind

Ex:
Navel is Anterior to Spine
Spine is Posterior to your Navel

5

Define Superficial / Deep in relation to the Anatomical Position

Superficial - More toward the outside of body
Deep - more toward the inside of the body

Ex:
Skin is Superficial to your muscles
Muscles are Deep to your skin

6

Define Ipsilateral / Contralateral in relation to the Anatomical Position

Ipsilateral - on the same side of body
Contralateral - on opposite sides of body

Ex:
Left Foot is Contralateral to Right Hand
Right Foot is Ipsilateral to Right Hand

7

Define Proximal / Distal in relation to the Anatomical Position

These are the least Intuitive of comparative terms. They refer to how near or far away a body part is from the attachment to the main trunk of the body, primarily they refer to positions along the arm or leg.

Proximal - Closer to attachment of the trunk
Distal - Farther away from the attachment of the trunk

Ex:
Wrist is Proximal to fingers
Fingers are Distal to your wrist