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BFD 12 Month Test Prep > Building Construction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Building Construction Deck (49)
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1

A ____ is a wooden peg used to pin together mortise and tenon joints?

Trunnel

2

A ___ is built into a wall to receive the end of a girder?

Cast iron box

3

A joisted floor has one tremendous advantage over the truss floor system: Each joist acts as a ____?

Fire stop

4

A party wall is ____ than two separate walls?

Thinner

5

A space within a beam where there is neither tension nor compression is known as the ___?

Neutral plane

6

A type of collapse that leaves a single triangular void space is ___?

Lean-to-floor collapse

7

A ___ code applies to all structures and conditions within them, including existing hazards that were created even before the adoption of the code.

Fire

8

All loads of a heavy timber building must be delivered to the ___?

Ground

9

All the following are major areas of concern in ordinary construction buildings except___?

The non-bearing wood walls as a barrier to fire

10

Although still a possibility, “cold water on red hot iron” may not be the chief cause of cast-iron column failure. What do the authors believe is the main cause of failure?

Unsafe connections

11

At about ___ degrees F, steel will begin to elongate.

1000 F

12

Building codes regular the size and height of structures, based on the construction classification and the ___?

Occupancy type

13

Cold-drawn still will fail at what temperature?

800 F

14

Concrete is mixture of Portland cement, water, and _____?

Aggregates

15

Concrete is inherently?

Non-combustivle

16

Concrete is test in _____ because it virtually has no tensile strength.

Compression

17

Concrete is weak in ____ strength and has poor shear resistance?

Tensile

18

Draftstopping consists of plywood, sheet metal, or other approved material and is installed to protect against ____ fire spread.

Horizontal

19

Firefighters are reduced to just reacting to a fire rather than being prepared for its many potential hazards I they do not do what?

Conduct pre-fire plans

20

Fire stops typically limit the ___ movement of fire through small, concealed passages.

Vertical

21

Heavy timber construction is a descendent of true ____ construction?

Mill

22

In a cantilever beam, the tension is in the ___ of the beam?

Top

23

In the typical downtown ordinary construction buildings, the side walls are the _____ walls, whereas the the front and back walls are ____?

bearing, non-bearing

24

It is essential that you have a working knowledge of how buildings are designed, constructed, ____, altered, and fall into disrepair.

Renovated

25

What is the the max height of a non-combustible building?

12 stories

26

Masonry walls are not designed to resist ____?

Lateral impact loads

27

Masonry walls in ordinary construction may consist of all of the following_____?

concrete block or terra cotta tile

28

What are the major problems with the modification procedures in heavy timber construction?

Void space creation, unsprinklered areas, and steel trusses and girders may be used instead of heavy timber.

29

Reinforced concrete is a ____ material?

Composite

30

Steel cable will have complete failure at ___degrees F?

800 F