Bones: Lower Limb Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bones: Lower Limb Deck (127)
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1

green highlighted posterior, proximal region

Intertrochanteric Crest

posterior ridge from greater to lesser trochanter

2

femur

- proximal bone of leg, longest/largest in body, articulates above w/ acetabulum and below w/ tibia

know:

  • head
  • neck
  • greater trochanter
  • lesser trochanter
  • medial condyle
  • lateral condyle
  • medial epicondyle
  • lateral epicondyle
  • line aspera

3

adductor tubercle

- an elevation on the medial epicondyle of the femur

4

big red part D

anterior surface of femur

5

#1

Fovea for ligament of Head of Femur

6

B

Gluteal Tuberosity

attachment for gluteus maximus

- often elongated proximally into roughened crest with tubercle known as "third trochanter"

7

greater trochanter

- muscle attachment

8

head of femur

9

Intercondylar Fossa of Femur

10

Posterior view of distal femur

Intercondylar Line

11

green circled structure

intertrochanteric line

- marks transition from neck to shaft

12

lateral condyle of femur

13

lateral epicondyle of femur

14

lesser trochanter

15

linea aspera

- posterior ridge for muscle attachment

- splits proximally into its medial and lateral lips

- extends distally into the medial and lateral supracondylar lines

16

medial condyle of femur

- on medial side of articular notch at distal end

17

medial epicondyle of femur

18

neck of femur

19

patellar surface

20

feature marked by red box

Pectineal Line

distal coninuation of lesser trochanter

- attachment for pectineus muscle

21

from where (what bone marking) does this tendon originate?

popliteal groove of femur

- groove that separates lateral condyle and epicondyle

22

Popliteal Surface of Femur

- the "kneepit"

23

Quadrate Tubercle of Femur

between trochanters on posterior side

- attachment for quadratus femoris

24

shaft of femur

25

A

Supracondylar Lines of Femur
 

- one medial, one lateral

- join proximally to form linea aspera

26

trochanteric fossa

27

What is the bone?

What are its surfaces and borders to know?

fibula

- lateral bone of lower leg

- thinnest bone proportional to length

Lateral and Medial Surfaces, separated by anterior border (somewhat more lateral and flatter) and interosseous border (more medial ridge-like border for connection of interosseous membrane). 

 

 

28

tiny blue highlighted portion at very superior tip of the lateral bone

apex of fibula

29

#3

Articular Facet of Lateral Malleolus 

30

#10

Fossa of Lateral Malleolus

talo- and tibiofibular ligaments attach here