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Veterinary Terminology > Bones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bones Deck (26)
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1

What skeletal framework of the body includes the skull, auditory ossicles, hyoid bones, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum?

Axial

2

What skeletal framework of the body includes appendages?

Appendicular

3

What are synovial joints?

Freely Movable Joints

4

What is the correct order of the vertebral segments?

Cervical/Thoracic/Lumbar/Sacral/Coccygeal

5

What is a fibrous band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone?

Ligament

6

What is the acetabulum?

Large Socket in the Pelvis

7

What are the three parts of the pelvis?

Illium/Ischium/Pubis

8

What are phalanges?

Digits that contain bones

9

What is another term for physis?

Growth Plate

10

What does rectus mean?

Straight

11

What are the three muscle groups?

Cardiac/Voluntary/Involuntary

12

What is the term for when a muscle becomes shorter and thicker?

Contraction

13

What do levator muscles do?

Raise

14

What is a fibrous band of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone called?

Tendon

15

What is another term for laxity?

Looseness

16

What is the term for a protrusion of a body part through tissues that normally contain it called?

Hernia

17

What is a sphincter?

A muscle that forms a tight band

18

What term describes the shaft of a long bone?

Diaphysis

19

What is the manubrium?

Cranial Portion of the sternum

20

What is the opening in a bone called in which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments can pass?

Foramen

21

What are epaxial muscles?

Muscles located above the pelvic axis

22

A muscle that bends a limb at its joint or decreases the joint angle is called what?

Flexor

23

What system consists of bone, joints, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage?

Skeletal

24

What is the formation of bone from fibrous tissue known as?

Ossification

25

What part of a bone is the hard, dense, strong bone that forms the outer layer?

Cortical

26

What part of a bone is the lighter, less strong and is found in the ends and inner portions of long bone?

Cancellous