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Veterinary Terminology > Body Planes & Movement > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Planes & Movement Deck (31)
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1

On a cat's limb, what is considered medial and why?

The inside of the limb
Because it is towards the midline

2

On a cat's limb, what is considered lateral and why?

The outside of the limb
Because it is away from the midline

3

When talking about direction, what is considered ventral?

The belly/Underside

4

When talking about direction, what is considered dorsal?

The back

5

When talking about direction, what is considered cranial?

Towards the head

6

When talking about direction, what is considered caudal?

Towards the tail

7

When talking about direction, what is considered rostral?

The nose end of the head

8

When talking about direction, what is considered proximal?

Nearest to the midline (on limbs)

9

When talking about direction, what is considered distal?

Farthest to the midline (on limbs)

10

When talking about direction, what is considered palmar?

The front paws (manus), from the wrists (carpus)

11

When talking about direction, what is considered plantar?

The back paws (pes), from the ankles (tarsus) to the paws

12

When talking about direction, what is considered anterior?

Front of the body

13

When talking about direction, what is considered posterior?

Rear of the body

14

When talking about direction, what is considered superior?

Means above or towards the head (on bipeds)

15

When talking about direction, what is considered inferior?

Means below or towards the tail (on bipeds)

16

When talking about direction, what is considered superficial?

Near the surface

17

When talking about direction, what is considered deep?

Away from the surface (also known as internal)

18

What are planes?

Imaginary lines that are used to divide the body into sections

19

What is considered the midsagittal plane?

The plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves
(also known as median and midline)

20

What is considered the sagittal plane?

The plane that divides the body into unequal right and left parts

21

What is considered the dorsal plane?

The plane that divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts

22

What is considered the transverse plane?

The plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts

23

What is the medical term for "lying down"?

Recumbent

24

What does "dorsal recumbency" mean?

Lying on the back

25

What does "ventral recumbency" mean?

Lying on the belly

26

What does "left lateral recumbency" mean?

Lying on the left side

27

What does "right lateral recumbency" mean?

Lying on the right side

28

What does "adduction" mean?

To move towards the midline

29

What does "abduction" mean?

To move away from the midline

30

What does "flexion" mean?

Bending a joint