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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (28)
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1

What does the respiratory system do?

Brings oxygen from the air into the body for delivery via the blood cells

2

What is the diffusion of gases between the atmosphere and the cells of the body called?

Respiration

3

What is ventilation?

Intake of fresh air

4

What does the upper respiratory tract consist of?

Nose, Mouth, Pharynx, Epiglottis, and Larynx

5

What does the lower respiratory tract consist of?

Trachea, Bronchial Tree, and Lungs

6

What are the thin hairs inside of the nostrils called?

Cilia

7

What are the olfactory receptors responsible for?

Sense of Smell

8

What is the larynx commonly called?

Voice Box

9

What is the pharynx commonly called?

Throat

10

What is the trachea commonly called?

Windpipe

11

What does inhalation/inspiration mean?

Drawing in of breath

12

What does exhalation/expiration mean?

Release of breath

13

What is the act of listening called?

Auscultation

14

What is apnea?

Absence of Breathing

15

What is dyspnea?

Difficult/Labored Breathing

16

What is bradypnea?

Abnormally Slow Respiratory Rate

17

What is tachypnea?

Abnormally Rapid Respiratory Rate

18

What is hyperpnea?

Abnormal Increase in Rate/Depth of Respirations

19

What is hypopnea

Abnormally Slow/Shallow Respirations

20

What is hyperventilation?

Abnormally Rapid Deep Breathing

21

What is Agonal Breathing?

Respirations Near Death/During Extreme Suffering

22

When auscultating, what is the sound of popping bubbles that suggests fluid accumulation called?

Bubbling

23

When auscultating, what is the sound of fine or coarse interrupted crackling coming from collapsed or fluid-filled alveoli during inspiration called?

Crepitation/Rales/Crackles

24

When auscultating, what is the sound of less or no sound of air movement, suggesting consolidation of lung tissue called?

Decreased Lung Sounds

25

What is respiratory rate?

Number of Respirations per Minute

26

When auscultating, what is the sound of abnormal, continuous, musical, high-pitched whistling sounds heard during inspiration called?

Rhonchi/Wheezes

27

When auscultating, what is the sound of snoring, squeaking, or whistling that suggests airway narrowing called?

Stridor

28

When auscultating, what is the sound resulting from air passing through small bronchi and alveoli called?

Vesicular Sounds