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What is the regulatory structure?

- Aeronautics Act

- The regulations (the CARs)

- The standards (documents)

- The advisor material


What is the Aeronautics Act?

An act of Parliament providing the basis for the regulations of aeronautics


What are regulations?

Rules of conduct made by the Cabinet (on the advice of the Minister of Transport or by the Minister him or herself)


What are standards?

The criteria and conditions of each regulation (the “how to”)


What is the advisory material?

The recommended procedures or guidance informationi n respect of a regulation or standard


Break down the following reference to its parts:

4 21.26 (6) (b) ii

Part - 4

Subpart - 21

Section - .26

Subsection - (6)

Paragraph - (b)

Subparagraph - ii


Explain what the second digit in a CARs reference represents

It represents the publication

405.06 - Regulation

425.06 - Standard

445.06 - Advisory


List the first 8 parts of the CAR

Part I - General

Part II - Identification, Registration, and Leasing of Aircraft

Part III - Aerodromes and Airports

Part IV - Personal Licensing and Training

Part V - Airworthiness

Part VI - General and Operating Flight Rules

Part VII -Commercial Air Services

Part VIII - Air Navigation Services


Which part of the CARs contains general rules applicable to all aircraft operations?

Part VI - General and Operating Flight Rules


Which airspace users do the CARs not apply to?

Military aircraft of Her Majesty

Military aircraft of a foreign country

Model aircraft



Wing-in-ground-effect machines


103.04 Record Keeping Summary states that aviaton documentation may be recorded vis-a-vis on which mediums?

Paper, electronic, microfiche

Can only be used if the records can be provided on paper upon request


According to 103.02 Inspection of Aircraft, Requests for Production of Documents and Prohibitions Summary, what must the aircraft owner make available for inspection?

The aircraft, aviation documents, technical records


What does 103.02 Inspection of Aircraft, Requests for Production of Documents and Prohibitions Summary state about aviation documents?

No person shall lend, mutilate, alter, or render illegible an aviation document


Which regulation states that where a Canadian aviation document has been suspended or cancelled, the person to whom it was issued shall return it to the Minister immediately after the effective date of the suspension or cancellation

103.03 Return of Canadian Aviation Documents


According to subsection 103.02(1) Administration and Compliance, what are the maximum fines for non compliance?

Individual $500

Corporation 2,500


How long must you wait if you fail a TC exam?

 14 days(1st fail)

30 days(2nd fail)

60 days(3rd fail) (etc. up to 180 days)


According to 401.03 Requirement to Hold a Flight Crew Permit, License or Rating Summary, what must you have when you fly?

An appropriate and valid permit, license or rating and medical


What does 401.08(1) Personal Logs state you maintain a personal log of when you apply for, and hold a flight crew permit, license, or rating?

Experience accumulated in respect of the flight crew permit, licence or rating, and recency


Who are the only people allowed to make an entry in a personal log?

The holder of the log, or someone authorized by the holder of the log to make an entry in the log


What information should a personal log contain, according to 401.08(1) Personal Logs?

the holder's name

the date of the flight

aircraft typeand registration mark

flight crew position

flight conditions(day, night, VFR, IFR)

departure and the place of arrival

all intermediate take-offs and landings

flight time


List the PPL requirements

Minimum age➔17years of age

Medical fitness➔Cat 1 or Cat 3

Knowledge➔40 hrs G.S, (min. 60% written) Experience➔45 hrs

(17hrs dual, 3hrs X/C, 5hrs instrument) + (12 hrs solo, 5 hrs X/C)

Skill➔P.P.L flight test


Explain the difference between class, type, and category

Class - aircraft have similar operating characteristics (land, sea, multi-land, etc.)

Type - specific makes or models of aircraft with similar performancecharacteristics (non-high performance, high performance)

Category - aircraft with similar designcharacteristics (balloon, aeroplane, helicopter, etc.)


Who is allowed to supervise flight training?

A holder of a flight instructor rating for that category of aircraft


Who conducts a flight test? Are other passengers allowed?

A flight examiner. Other passengers are not allowed


401.04 Flight Crew Members of A/C Registered in Contracting States Other Than Canada states that in order to fly in Canada, in an aircraft registered from a contracting state other than Canada, a person must hold and be able to produce:

a TC flight crew license(issued under this subpart); or a flight crew license issued under the laws of a Canadian contracting state


401.05(1a,b) state that you cannot act as P.I.C or Co-Pilot of an aircraft if the person has not flown in five years. What is the exception?

You have completed a flight review


401.05(2a) Recency Requirements states that no holder of a flight crew permit or license shall exercises the privileges of a license or permit unless they have completed recurrant training in ___ months.

24 months


According to 421.05(2a) Recency Requirements, what can count as Reccurant Training?

completion of a flight review

attendance at a TC aviation safety seminar

participation in a program designed to update pilot knowledge of human factors, weather, flight planning, navigation, CARs, rules and procedures

PPC or approved company training program

renewals, up-grades, written examsof a permit, license or rating

annual,self-paced TC Aviation Safety Newsletter


What requirements should be met prior to carrying a passanger, as per 401.05(2b) Recency Requirements?

within the six months preceding the flight, you must complete:

5 night or day take-offs and landings, if the flight is conducted wholly by day, or 5 night take-offs and landings, if the flight is conducted wholly or partly by night


How often must recurrent training be completed, even if flying regularly?

Every 2 years