Flashcards in Theme 1 - Arguments for the existence of God Deck (39)
on the basis of experience, used for an argument, such as the cosmological argument, that is based on experience or empirical evidence
without, or prior to, experience. very similar to deductive reasoning. The truth can be established by logic alone, there is no need for empirical evidence.
- bachelors are unmarried men
- john is a bachelor
- therefore, John is an unmarried man
relating to beauty
11th-century Archbishop of Canterbury who fomulated the ontological argument to demonstrate that Gods existence can be proved on the basis of reason alone
a teleological argument that claims that nature has been carefully designed for the needs of humans
St Thomas Aquinas
13th Century Catholic Theologian. Developed 'five ways' which prove the existence of God.
the belief in a personal deity, creator of everything that exists but who is distinct from that creation.
beings that depend upon something else for their existence
the argument for the existence of God based on the existence of the Universe
William Lane Craig
A Christian apologist who is a proponent of the modern day Kalam argument
a collection of arguments which, when clumped together, provide a stronger case than they do alone
an argument in which, if the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true. Similar to a priori
a proponent of the ontological argument who draws upin ideas of contingency and necessity as well as the perfection of existence
that which causes change and motion to start and to stop - in many cases this is simply the thing that brings something about
the view that the dominant foundation of knowledge is experience
the essential nature of something
relating to existence
a Latin phrase meaning "out of nothing". Refers to the belief that God did not use any previously existing material during creation.
criticised Anselm with the 'perfect island' analogy
an argument constructed on possibly true premises reaching a logically possible and persuasive conclusion - similar to a posteriori
a chain of causes that can never come to an end
the view that an intelligent cause accounts for certain features of the Universe.
a form of the Cosmological argument that rests of the idea that the Universe had a beginning in time
German Philosopher and critic of the ontological argument
argued for a form of the ontological argument where God exists as an unlimited being and concluded that God exists necessarily.
In Aquinas's first way of motion it refers to the process by which an object acquires a new form
with each slight variation, if proved useful, it is preserved and the trait passed on to the next generation.
beings which, if they exist, cannot not exist. Not dependent on anything else for their existence.
the characteristic of being all powerful