Flashcards in Theme 2; Challenges to Religious Belief Deck (25)
a person who does not believe it possible to know whether God exists
a typical example of something - the original form which others are copied
a belief that there is no such things as a God
Augustinian Type theodicy
argument based on genesis and the fall. Evil is caused by created beings and not God. People's response to evil and God's plan decides their destiny - often called soul deciding
the part of the unconscious mind which is derived from ancestral memory and experience and is common to all humankind, as distinct from the individual's unconscious.
a distance of knowledge. Used by John Hick to explain free will.
all things will be made clear of justified in the 'end times'
a religious believer or group who follow strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs. Sometimes they are intolerant of other views.
In Jungian psychology, the gradual integration and unification of the self through the resolution of successive layers of psychological conflict
Irenaeus type theodicy
the presence of evil is deliberate and helps people to grow and develop - soul making
20th century Australian philosopher who formulated the inconsistent triad as an expression for the classical problem of evil
events in which responsible actions by human beings cause suffering or harm, e.g war
events caused by nature which induce suffering, but human beings have little or no control over.
a mental illness which results in high levels of anxiety, unreasonable fears, and behavior.
views the concept of God as a totalitarian belief that destroys individual freedom - religion is seen as a threat to our civilizations.
- boys tendency to feeling sexual desires towards his mother and competition with his father for her affection.
- a product of the unconscious mind
states that the statistical weight of the amount of suffering experienced in the world, especially by children, challenges the Christian understandings of a benevolent GOD
links to totemism and Darwins ideas of primal hordes
- the strongest tyrannical male dominated all the females and as his young approached maturity they were driven off by him.
His offspring, dispossessed, one day united and killed the father and liberated the women whom they took for themselves
an absence of something that ought to be there
moral goods that result from a response to evil, e.g compassion
describes how suffering helps humans to choose whether to do good (and choose the path God intended) or do evil and reject God's plan for humanity.
a concept within the traditions of Irenaen theodicy that states suffering helps humans to develop morally
a justification of the righteousness of God, given the existence of evil
a sacred object or symbol which serves as an emblem of a group of people