Theme 2; Challenges to Religious Belief Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Theme 2; Challenges to Religious Belief Deck (25)
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1

agnostic

a person who does not believe it possible to know whether God exists

2

archetype

a typical example of something - the original form which others are copied

3

atheism

a belief that there is no such things as a God

4

Augustinian Type theodicy

argument based on genesis and the fall. Evil is caused by created beings and not God. People's response to evil and God's plan decides their destiny - often called soul deciding

5

collective unconcious

the part of the unconscious mind which is derived from ancestral memory and experience and is common to all humankind, as distinct from the individual's unconscious.

6

epistemic distance

a distance of knowledge. Used by John Hick to explain free will.

7

eschatological justification

all things will be made clear of justified in the 'end times'

8

fundamentalist

a religious believer or group who follow strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs. Sometimes they are intolerant of other views.

9

individuation

In Jungian psychology, the gradual integration and unification of the self through the resolution of successive layers of psychological conflict

10

Irenaeus type theodicy

the presence of evil is deliberate and helps people to grow and develop - soul making

11

J.L Mackie

20th century Australian philosopher who formulated the inconsistent triad as an expression for the classical problem of evil

12

moral evil

events in which responsible actions by human beings cause suffering or harm, e.g war

13

natural evil

events caused by nature which induce suffering, but human beings have little or no control over.

14

neurosis

a mental illness which results in high levels of anxiety, unreasonable fears, and behavior.

15

New Atheism

views the concept of God as a totalitarian belief that destroys individual freedom - religion is seen as a threat to our civilizations.

16

oedipus complex

- boys tendency to feeling sexual desires towards his mother and competition with his father for her affection.
- a product of the unconscious mind
-

17

Gregory Paul

states that the statistical weight of the amount of suffering experienced in the world, especially by children, challenges the Christian understandings of a benevolent GOD

18

primal horde

links to totemism and Darwins ideas of primal hordes

- the strongest tyrannical male dominated all the females and as his young approached maturity they were driven off by him.
His offspring, dispossessed, one day united and killed the father and liberated the women whom they took for themselves

19

privation

an absence of something that ought to be there

20

second-order goods

moral goods that result from a response to evil, e.g compassion

21

soul deciding

describes how suffering helps humans to choose whether to do good (and choose the path God intended) or do evil and reject God's plan for humanity.

22

soul-making

a concept within the traditions of Irenaen theodicy that states suffering helps humans to develop morally

23

theodicy

a justification of the righteousness of God, given the existence of evil

24

totem

a sacred object or symbol which serves as an emblem of a group of people

25

wish fulfilment

attempts by the unconscious to resolve a conflict of some sort