Flashcards in Tactical Withdrawl, Emergency Evacuation And FF Emergency (PN 496) Deck (21)
How is ‘Tactical Withdrawal’ defined?
‘Removal of Personnel from a specific area of potential danger in a safe and planned manner’
1.2 Incident Commanders (IC) must consider an operational plan for tactical withdrawal or emergency evacuation
This should be done in such a way as to withdraw those personnel at greatest risk while protecting access and egress routes. This is to ensure that personnel are removed from areas of risk in a controlled and safe manner when the risk becomes unacceptable regardless of control measures available
1.3 All officers and firefighters are to ensure
that safe access and egress routes are provided and maintained for all personnel committed to the scene of operation
1.4 The IC should ensure that any other agencies present know the evacuation signal and nominated location for Roll Call to take place
This information should form part of inter-agency briefings.
2.1 Tactical withdrawal is
the removal of personnel from a specific area of potential danger in a safe and planned manner
2.2 A tactical withdrawal will normally be implemented by
the IC, Operations Commander, Sector Commander or Safety Officer. In circumstances where unsafe conditions are detected which necessitate a tactical withdrawal and it is not practicable to pass the information via the command structure, any firefighting personnel may initiate the procedure but the IC must be informed as soon as possible.
2.3 When a tactical withdrawal is initiated the IC shall:
• Plan and initiate the phased withdrawal of crews, ensuring those in the area of greatest risk are withdrawn first. This may require other crews to maintain safe egress routes until all personnel have withdrawn.
• Brief all sector commanders and relevant crews of the plan.
• Remember that BA team(s) can be evacuated via the telemetry entry control board ‘selective evacuation’ procedure or by handheld fireground radio if deemed more appropriate.
• Send an Informative Message to Brigade Control outlining details of the tactical withdrawal.
3.1 An emergency evacuation is
the immediate and controlled withdrawal of all personnel from the scene of operations to a place of safety
3.2 An emergency evacuation will be initiated whenever
unsafe conditions are detected which place personnel at an unacceptable risk when assessed against the benefits of being within this location.
3.3 An emergency evacuation will normally be implemented by
the IC, Operations Commander, Sector Commander or Safety Officer. In circumstances where unsafe conditions are detected which necessitate an emergency evacuation and it is not practicable to pass the information via the command structure, any firefighting personnel may initiate the procedure but the IC must be informed as soon as possible.
3.4 Emergency evacuation will be initiated using the following actions:
• Repeated short blasts on the Acme Thunderer whistle.
• BA teams evacuated via the telemetry entry control board ‘evacuate all’ function.
• It is important to remember that teams can also be evacuated by radio if it is deemed more appropriate.
• A priority message is also to be transmitted to all crews ( including BA teams) via fire ground radios ordering an emergency evacuation. This message may include important safety information and consideration should be given to inform all BA teams of important information before evacuation if possible. If it is not possible to inform a BA team(s) of the need to evacuate, the IC having regard to the risk to personnel, will commit a BA emergency team to investigate and ensure that the evacuation signal continues to be sounded in the area of the BA team’s entry point
3.5 Upon hearing the evacuation signal personnel will, if possible:
• Repeat the signal.
• Withdraw from the scene of operations to a place of safety.
• Assemble at the booking-in point, i.e. Initial Command Pump (ICP) or Command Unit (CU) unless directed otherwise.
. Whenever it is established or there is strong evidence to suggest that one or more firefighters or personnel working under the control of the LFB are unaccounted for and/or in need of rescue the IC will immediately send the following priority message:
‘From (Name of IC) at (address of incident), Firefighter Emergency, Tactical Mode Oscar.
4.4 As soon as possible after sending a FFE message, an informative message is to be sent stating
• Description of the circumstances.
• Number of persons unaccounted for and/or in need of rescue.
• Details of action being taken e.g. Emergency Evacuation, Tactical Withdrawal or BA crews searching.
• Declaration of the size of the incident i.e. the total number of pumping appliances attending the incident (not including those dispatched specifically for the Firefighter Emergency).
• Tactical mode – as it is likely crews will still be within the hazard area during the FFE the tactical mode will be ‘Offensive’ until all personnel are removed from the identified hazard area.
Examples of messages
From (Name of IC) at (Address); partial collapse of first and second floors, two firefighters unaccounted for, emergency evacuation in progress. This is a 6 pump fire, tactical mode oscar.
Or: − From (Name of IC) at (Address); Partial collapse of first and second floors, two firefighters unaccounted for, 3 BA crews searching on ground floor. This is an 8 pump fire, tactical mode oscar.
4.5 On receipt of the FFE message, Brigade Control will mobilise the following:
• 6 Pumps (inc 3 PL with WMs in charge);
• 2 Fire Rescue Units (FRU);
• Fire Investigation Unit (FIU);
• Command Unit (CU);
• An ambulance;
• Press Liaison Officer (PLO);
• Fire Safety Officer (FSO);
• 3 Station Managers;
• Group Manager;
• Deputy Assistant Commissioner;
• Senior Accident Investigator (SAI).
If the size of the incident is subsequently increased
, the mobilising system will not include the resources ordered for 'FFE' when calculating the additional attendance required
4.7 On receipt of the FFE message, London Operations Centre (LOC) will inform the following:
• Duty Assistant Commissioner;
• Duty Deputy Assistant Commissioner;
• C700 (Commissioner’s office);
• Director’s staff officers;
• Officer of the Day (OoD);
• Operations Review Team (ORT);
• Urban Search and Rescue tactical advisor;
• Duty Radio Officer;
• Duty Press Officer;
• Counselling & Wellbeing.
4.12 Whenever the FFE message is sent, it will be necessary to carry out a
Roll Call as soon as practicable to establish the number of persons unaccounted for.
5.3 The IC may oversee the roll call or nominate an officer to perform this function.
5.4 At the roll call, each appliance commander will:
(a) Report to the booking-in point and retrieve their appliance nominal roll board;
(b) Take a roll call of their appliance crew and report the outcome to the IC or nominated officer;
(c) Return the appliance nominal roll board to the booking-in point;
(d) All senior officers and any other personnel on the incident ground are to report to the booking in point to allow a full roll call to be completed;
(e) Where a nominal roll board has not been retrieved, the ICP/CU officer will immediately notify the IC