Sitework and Layout, Foundation, Concrete Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sitework and Layout, Foundation, Concrete Deck (62)
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1

minimum required distance from every structure to the property lines established by a zoning ordinance

Setback

2

legally defined and recorded boundaries of a parcel of land

Property Line
Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT)

3

process of transferring the initial key points of an architectural design onto the site

Layout

4

used on site to establish where the land is

Batter Boards

5

fixed, static loads made up of the building's own structure, skin, equipment, and other fixed elements

Dead Loads

6

Moving or transient loads (occupants, furnishing, rain, snow and ice)

Live Loads

7

lowest division of a building, designed to support and anchor the superstructure and transmit its loads directly to the earth

Foundation

8

part of the foundation bearing directly upon the supporting soil

Footing

9

Resists tension

Steel

10

Resists compression

Concrete

11

refers to how strong the soil is

Soil Bearing Capacity

12

Foundation used when good soil condition exists

Shallow Foundations

13

single spread footing supporting a freestanding column or pier

Isolated Footing

14

reinforced concrete footing extended to support a row of columns

Continuous Footing

15

continuous spread footing of a foundation wall

Strip Footing

16

reinforced concrete footing for a perimeter column or foundation wall extended to support an interior column load

Combined Footing

17

thick, slab-like footing of reinforced concrete supporting a number of columns or an entire building

Mat Footing

18

a mat foundation reinforced by a grid of ribs above or below the slab

Ribbed Mat

19

used when soil underlying a shallow foundation is unstable or too soft

Deep Foundation

20

"drilled pier"

hole is drilled or dug (augering) through inadequate soil and then filled w/ concrete

Caisson Foundations

21

Driven into place instead of being drilled or poured

piles are driven closely together in clusters

Pile Foundations

22

a proportioned mixture of cement + aggregate + water

Concrete

23

powder mat'l w/c when combined w/ water possesses adhesive and cohesive properties

binder that hardens in place

Cement

24

inert granular mat'l such as sand and gravel w/c when mix w/ cement and water result in concrete

Aggregates

25

combines w/ cement to form a paste, w/c coats and surround the inert particles of aggregates and upon hardening, binds the entire mass together

Water

26

hardening of concrete

Setting

27

when mixed w/ water and a fine aggregate (less than 6mm)

mortar, stucco, or cement plaster

28

when mixed w/ water, fine aggregate and a large aggregate (more than 6mm)

Concrete

29

when w/o reinforcement (concrete)

Plain/Mass Concrete

30

concrete in w/c steel reinforcement is embedded

act together in resisting forces

Reinforced Concrete