Beams, Joists, Girders, and Floors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Beams, Joists, Girders, and Floors Deck (27)
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1

Vernacular term for Beam

Biga

2

Vernacular term for Joists

Suleras

3

Vernacular term for Girder

Guililan

4

Rigid structural member that carries and transfers transverse loads across space to supporting elements

Beams

"Biga"

5

any of a series of small, parallel beams for supporting floors, ceiling, or flat roofs

Joists

"Suleras"

6

a large principal beam that supports concentrated loads at isolated points along its length

Girder

"Guililan"

7

beams having a single span w/ a support at each end

Simple Beams

8

beams supported at one end only

Cantilever Beams

9

beams resting on more than two supports

Continuous Beams

10

Material for beams, girders, and joists that has a steel plate

Flitch Plate

11

compressive stresses is resisted by the ____ and all the tension resisted by the ____

Concrete

Steel

12

the section of a beam at w/c the bending moment changes from positive to negative

Point of Inflection

13

handles the diagonal tension at beam supports

Stirrups

14

300M x 400M Beam

Rectangular Beam

15

Type of RC beam where a reinforced concrete floor slab and is supporting beam are built at the same time

T-Beams

16

used when the cross-sectional dimensions of the beam are limited so that there is an insufficient concrete area for the compressive stresses

Beam w/ Compression Reinforcement

Doubly Reinforced Beams

17

beams supported at one end only

tensile reinforcement is located on top of the beam and inverted U-stirrups are provided

Cantilever Beams

18

double reinforced beams used for long spans
Hollowed center to reduce dead load
Diaphragms provided at intervals

Hollow Box Girders

19

short beam extensions from columns used to support rafters or trusses

Beam Brackets / Corbels

20

ideal type of steel Beam

I-Beam

21

a beam composed of a wide plate (__) at the top and bottom of w/c are riveted angles and plates

Simplest type (a web, 4 flange angles)

Plate Girders

22

web can be reinforced against buckling by angles riveted to its sides

Stiffener Angles

23

a built up beam in w/c more than 1 web plate is used

Box Girders

24

lightweight, shop fabricated steel members having a trussed web

permits the passage of mechanical services

Open Web Steel Joists

25

has a web consisting of a single bent bar, running in a zigzag pattern bet, the upper and lower chords

K-series Joist

26

thin steel sheets manufactured from cold forms sheet or strip steel

an economical floor system that is lightweight, non combustible, and damp proof

Light Gauge Steel Joists

27

may be built up of angles and plates riveted together for long spans and for unusual cases of very heavy loading

Girder