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Flashcards in Reproductive system Deck (127)
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1

When does the reproductive system begin its biological function?

At puberty

2

What are the essential organs for reproduction in the male?

Gonags, testes

3

What are the essential reproduction organs for a female?

Gonads, ovaries

4

What produces the sex cells, gamates, and sex hormones?

Testes in males, ovaries in females

5

What are the males reproductive roles?

Manufacturing sperm which gets taken to the female reproductive tract

6

What are female reproductive roles?

Making eggs

7

Where do the paired oval testes lie?

In the scrotum behind the adominopelvic cavity.

8

What is the temperature of the testes? Why?

94 degrees. This is to ensure viable sperm production

9

What structures make up the duct system in males

epididymis , ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra

10

an elongated structure running up the posterolateral aspect of the testis ending at the superior aspect

epididymis

11

Forms the first portion of the duct system - Site for immature sperm to complete their maturation process

epididymis

12

The . sperm duct

vas deferens

13

arches superiorly from the epididymis Passes through the inguinal canal into the pelvic cavity and courses over the superior aspect of the urinary bladder Enclosed along with blood vessels and nerves in a connective tissue sheath called the spermatic cord

vas deferens

14

Terminus of the ductus deferens enlarges to form the region, ampulla, which empties into the

Ejaculatory duct

15

What are the steps of ejaculation?

contraction of the ejaculatory duct propels sperm through the prostate to the prostatic urethra which empties into the intermediate part of the urethra and then into the spongy urethra, which runs through the length of the penis to the body exterior

16

The liquid medium in which sperm leaves the body

seminal fluid

17

Accessory glands for males

The prostate, seminal glands, and bulbo- urethral glands

18

What do the male accessory glands do?

produce seminal fluid

19

consists of sperm and seminal fluid

semen

20

What is special about semen?

It is alkaline and provides a buffer against the acidity of the femal vagina.

21

What is the physiology behind a man getting an erection?

Internally, the penis consists of three enlogated cylindes of erectile tissue which engorge with blood during physical activity.

22

Paired glands located posterior to the urinary bladder

Seminal Glands

23

A duct from each one of these glands merges with a ductus deferen which forms the ejaculatory duct

Seminal glands

24

Single gland that encircles the prostatic urethrea inferior to the bladder

Prostate

25

Paired tiny glands that drain into the intermediate part of the urethrea

Bulbo urethreal glands

26

The dense connective tissue capsule that covers each teste

tunica albuginea

27

Sperm forming factories

seminferious tubules

28

What are the sex hormones of females?

Estrogen and progesterone

29

Where are the sex hormones of females produced?

ovaries .

30

consist of the mons pubis, the labia majora and minora, the clitoris, the external urethral and vaginal orifices, the hymen, and the greater vestibular glands

External genitalia of the female vulva