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Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (83)
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1

Primarily responsible for removal of nitrogenous waste

Urinary System

2

Major homeostatic organ

Kidney

3

Forms part of the filtration membrane

glomerlous

4

Forms part of the filtration membrane. Spaces between the foot processes form filtration slits

Visecral layer of the glomerlus capsule

5

Forms the outside of the cuplike glomerural capsule. Plays NO role in filtration

Pariteal layer of glomerlus capsule

6

Structures within the renal capsule

glomerulus, visecreal layer of glomerulus capsule, and pariteal layer of glomrulus capsule

7

6 structures within renal tube

proximal convoluted tubule, descending limb of the nephron loop, descending thin limb of the nephron loop, thick ascending limb of nephron loop, distal convulted tubule, collecting duct.

8

Highly coiled first section of the renal tubule

Proximal convoluted tubule

9

First portion of nephron loop

Descending limb of nephron loop

10

A continuation of the descending limb

Descending thin limb of a nephron loop

11

The limb is thick

Ascending limb of nephron loop

12

Coiled distal portion of tubule

Distal convoluted tubule

13

Recieves filtrate from the DCT of multiple nephrons

Collecting duct

14

Primary site of tubular reabsorption of water and solutes. Some secretion also ocurs here

Proximal convoluted tubule.

15

Tubular reabsorption and secretion of water and solutes

Descending limb of nephron loop

16

Very permeable to water. Water is reabsorbed, but no solutes are reabsorbed.

Descending thin limb of nephron loop

17

Not permeable to water. Solutes are reabsorbed actiely and passively.

Ascending thick limb of nephron loop

18

Some . reabsorption of water and solutes and secretion, which are regulaed to meet the bodys needs.

Distal convoluted tubule

19

Some reabosrption and secretion to conserve body fluids, maintain blood pH, and regulate the solute concentrations

Collecting duct

20

where are digestive and metabolic waste excreted into?

The small intestine

21

Where is the CO2 from metabolism excreted?

The lungs

22

what is produced when amino acids are processed/used for energy and must be removed from blood?

NH3

23

When the amino group is removed before the processed amino acid can enter cellular respiration

deamination

24

what is toxic amonia converted into?

urea

25

what is water soluable that enters the blood into the kidneys ?

urea

26

role of kidney tubule cells

filter blood, process urine, regulate pH, electrolyte and water levels

27

carries urine from kidney to the bladder

ureters

28

Stretches to hold urine, contracts to expel urine.

Urinary bladder

29

Carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body

urethra

30

The area where the ureters enter and the urethra exits

trigone