Flashcards in Quantum Mechanics Deck (23)
Descibe what the 3 different versions of the atom looked like and who proposed them
Dalton: Named particles atoms. ºº
J J Thompson: proposed a positively charged cloud with electrons inside. Plum pudding.
Rutherford: Nuclear planetary model based on foil experiment
Height of a waves crest
Distance between adjacent crests of a wave
Number of wave cycles that pass a given point per unit of time
The unit of frequency
Energy waves that travel in a vacuum at a speed of 2.998x10^8m/s; includes radio waves, microwaves, I fared waved, visible light, ultraviolet waves, x rays and gamma rays
Wavelengths of visible light that are separated when a beam of light passes through a prism. Red has longest wavelength
What happens when atoms absorb energy?
Their electrons move to higher energy levels. The electrons lose energy by emitting light when they return to lower energy levels.
Atomic emission spectrum
The pattern formed when light passes through a prism or diffraction grating to separate it into different frequencies of light it contains
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic energy that interacts with matter similarly to particles.
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
It is impossible to know exactly both the velocity and the position of a particle at the same time.
Describe the shape of s, p and d orbitals
P= rounded hour glass
D=4 point petal
A number used to calculate the radiant energy absorbed or
emitted by a body based on the frequency of radiation.
The ejection of electrons by certain metals when they absorb light with a frequency above a threshold frequency.
For a wavelength to be seen what size must the object be?
Schrödinger came up with a mathematical calculation to describe...
The behaviour of an electron
Orbitals (describes the probability of finding electrons in various locations)
Distance from nucleus to the outer energy level measured in picometers 1x10^-12
Increases from top to bottom because more shells create bigger radius. Decreases from left to right because more protons keep electrons closer.
Energy required to remove the last electron from an atom
Decreases from top to bottom it’s easy to remove an electron far from nucleus. Increases from left to right because it’s harder to remove 2+ valence electrons.
How good an atom is at taking electrons from other atoms.
Decreases from top to bottom because there are more shells in the way of the nuclear pull. Increases from left to right because fuller outer shelled atoms will sooner take electrons than give them away.
Electrons occupy the lowest level first
Discrete quantity of energy “chunks”
How many electrons can each orbital hold
Describe ionic size trend
Ionic size tends to increase from top to bottom and decrease from left to right
Cations are ________ than corresponding atom
When atoms are heated they produced their own wave lengths of light called line spectrum.