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Flashcards in Plato And The Idea Of Form Deck (17)
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Plato

Real name: Aristocles
Founded the Academy
Wrote in dialogues
Creator of first philosophical system

1

World of being

Objective
Independent
Absolute

2

Heraclitus belief

Can't step in the same river twice

3

True knowledge is

One and unchanging

4

Forms are:

Objective
Transcendent
Eternal
Intelligible
Archetypal
Perfect

5

The divided line

Metaphysics Epistemology
Higher forms Understanding
Being Knowledge
Mathematical forms Reason
------------------------------------------------------ Sensible objects Perception
BECOMING OPINION
Images Imagination

6

Accidental and essential forms

(Just remember)

7

God

A form of forms
Cause of knowledge and truth
Essential form of good

8

Third man argument

Comparing 2 men requires third man requires fourth man and ad infinitum

9

Aristotle's beliefs

No transcendent forms forms are causes only by being in those things

10

Hylomorphic composition

Form and matter
Only true with natural world not God

11

Inside and outside manner of looking at things via Aristotle

Inside-potential of object
Outside-conditions

12

Art and Plato and Aristotle

Plato- art should be banned
Aristotle-art is closer to form

13

Aristotles four clauses

Material clause- matter
Formal clause- essence
Efficient clause- what brings it into being
Final clause- purpose of the thing

14

Realism

Platonic realism- reality is something identified with its form, world of being and world of becoming, St. Augustine taught this view
Aristotle realism- form inside of thing, st. Thomas aquinas taught this view

15

Nominalism

No forms
Names we give things with similar features

16

Conceptualism

Forms are mind made
Without s mind there would be no catness or horseness