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Flashcards in Metaphysics Deck (18)
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First to reject religious explanations for the unexplained

Pre-socratics

1

Thales

Water was one thing

2

Other pre-Socratics

Ionians, Italians, pluralists

3

Ionians belief?

Must be a reasonable substance that is one essence

4

Anaximander

Apeiron- an intermediate substance that's infinite

5

Anaximenes

Air is one thing

6

Xenophanes

Water and earth
"Cheater"

7

Heraclitus the obscure

Fire
Life reality is flux, change

8

The Italians

Everything is essentially number

9

Pythagoras

Regarded #s specially
1-point, 2-line, 3- surface

10

Parmenides of elea

Opposite of Heraclitus
The way of Truth
The Way of opinion or seeming

11

The way of truth

If there is any reality it must be one only

12

The way of opinion or seeming

Changing world is an illusion of our senses

13

The pluralists beliefs?

Reality is plurality of substances
Tried to solve the appearance of change with the lack of change

14

Empedocles

Fire, water, air, and earth are roots of universe
Love brings things together, strife tears them apart

15

Anaxagoras

Everything is made of a mixture of infinite number of infinitely divisible particles

16

Leucippus and Democritus

First atomic theory
Infinite number of individual units

17

The cosmos

"World"-Greek
Ordered and rational