Pharm Exam #4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharm Exam #4 Deck (93)
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1

Calcium carbonate

antacid
first line therapy for preggo GERD

2

aluminum hydrozide + magnesium hydroxide

antacid
first line therapy for preggo GERD

3

cimetidine

H2-receptor antagonists
for GERD, PUD

4

ranitidine

H2-receptor antagonists
for GERD, PUD

5

omeprazole

PPI
For GERD, PUD, ZES

6

sucralfate

mucosal protective agent
for PUD

7

Misoprostal

mucosal protective agent
PGEI analog --> prevent ulcers
for pts on long-term NSAIDs for RA

8

bismuth subsalicylate

mucosal protective agent

9

dietary fiber

bulk-forming laxative

10

methylcellulose

bulk-forming laxative
synthetic cellulose

11

polycarbophil

bulk-forming laxative
polyacrylic resin

12

docusate

stool surfactant
used for hospitilized patients

13

magnesium hydroxide

osmotic laxative
used for constipation

14

polyethylene glycol (PEG)

ostmotic laxative
used for colonic cleansing before procedures

15

bisacodyl

stimulant laxative
used for constipation + with PEG for colonic cleansing

16

anthraquinone derivatives

stimulant laxative
from plant extracts
used for constibation

17

metocloporamid

prokinetic agent
D2 receptor antagonist
used for gastroperesis, reflex esophagitis, vomitting

18

erythromycin

prokinetic agent
antimicrobial, stimulate motilin, promote emptying
used for gastroparesis

19

methylnaltraxon

prokinetic agent
selective antagonist at mu-opioid receptor
used for opioid induced constipation in pts with advanced illness

20

alvimopan

prokinetic agent
selective antagonist at mu-opioid receptor
used for postop ileius (short term b/c CV toxic)

21

bismuth subsalicylate

anti-diarrheal
non-specific diarrhea (travlers)

22

loperamide

anti-diarrheal
opioid analog --> dec. peristalisis

23

dicyclomine

IBS treatment
anticholinergic antispasmodic
toxicity="blind as a bat, red as a beat, hot as a hare, dry as a bone, mad as a hatter, bloated as a toad, and the heart runs alone"

24

hyoscyamine

IBS treatment
anticholinergic antispasmodic
toxicity="blind as a bat, red as a beat, hot as a hare, dry as a bone, mad as a hatter, bloated as a toad, and the heart runs alone"

25

lubiprostone

IBS treatment
used for chronic idiopathic constipation + IBS w/constipation in females

26

sulfasalazine

IBD treatment
aminosalycilase
used for mild/moderate UC

27

mesalamine

IBD treatment
aminosalycilase

28

budesonide

IBD treatment
glucocorticoid
used for acute attacks, moderate/severe

29

azathioprine

IBD treatment
antimetabolite
used for chronic severe or steroid resistant IBD

30

methotrexate

IBD treatment
antimetabolite
used for chronic severe or steroid resistant IBD