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U4.2: Nationalism > People > Flashcards

Flashcards in People Deck (19)
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1

Einstein

"Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind"

2

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

States should be created and operate around the "general will" of the people and popular sovereignty. This is the collective will of an entire community provided they act selflessly. The general will is culturally unified. It is a nation. The nation is this the natural political community and hence nationhood and statehood are intrinsically linked. Associated with liberal nationalism.

3

Prof. Michael Chossudovsky (political analyst)

The Tunisian government during the Arab spring: "national sovereignty was foregone" because IMF 'blackmailed' gov into raising taxes and curbing fuel subsidies.

4

Herder

Each nation possesses a volksgeist or "national spirit". Associated with cultural nationalism.

5

Adolf Arvidson

Language unites people. It created ties of the mind and the soul and create a spiritual connection that ties a nation together.
Associated with cultural nationalism.

6

Johann Fichte

Ethnic/cultural nationalism. His philosophy incorporated the usual cultural, lingual, religious and historic ties of a nation associated with cultural nationalism. However his philosophy also had an element of territorial possession particularly when it has historic significance.

7

Smith

"Nationalism is a chameleon ideology"

8

J. S. Mill

"The boundaries of government should coincide in the main with those of nationality"

9

Giuseppe Mazzini

"A country is not a mere territory... it is the sentiment of love, the sense of fellowship which binds together all the sons of that territory." Mazzini founded an organisation called "young Europe" which spread nationalist ideas across Europe and unite European nation-states. Associated with liberal nationalism.

10

Woodrow Wilson

At the Paris peace conference in 1919, Wilson advanced the principle of self-determination of nations. He believed that poles, Czechs, Hungarians etc had the same rights to political independence as the US

11

Enoch Powell

In his "rivers of blood speech" in 1968 argued that cultural diversity will inevitably lead to conflict.

12

John Hayward (Australian politician)

"You're welcome to come over here and to have your children here... but if you're coming here to take us over, you're not welcome"

13

Charles Maurras

Termed his form of nationalism "integral nationalism" but he is associated with chauvinist nationalism. He believed a "true nationalist placed his country above everything".

14

Rudyard Kipling

Was a writer and poet who wrote about how the English empire was "serving your captors needs" I.e helping the countries they colonised by providing them with the advances of modern society. Link to chauvinistic nationalism

15

Etienne Balibar

There are relationships of "reciprocal determination" between racialism and nationalism, they're not the same but support each other.

16

Julius Nyerere

1. "No nation has the right to make decisions for another nation; no people for another people"
2. "We, in Africa, have no more need of being 'converted' to socialism than we have of being 'taught' democracy. Both are rooted in our past -- in the traditional society which produced us."
3. "Having come in contact with a civilisation which has over-emphasised the freedom of the individual, we are in fact faced with one of the big benefits of European society -- benefits that have been brought about by an organisation based upon the individual -- and yet retain Africa's own structure of society in which the individual is a member of a kind of fellowship".

17

Gandhi

Campaigned for Indian independence which was finally achieved in 1947. Non-violent resistance gave the movement for independence moral authority. Based on Hinduism, Gandhis political philosophy was based on the assumption that the universe is regulated by the primacy of truth and that humankind is 'ultimately one'.

18

Marcus Garvey

Black nationalism - Africa is a homeland for black people. Black people should reclaim it. His ideas were largely discarded but provided the basis for the later black power movement.

19

Frantz Fanon

He drew on psychiatry, politics, sociology and the existentialism of Jean-Paul Satre in arguing that only total revolution and absolute violence can help black or colonised people to liberate themselves from the social and psychological scars of imperialism.