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U4.2: Nationalism > Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Deck (14)
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1

Nation

A collection of people bound together by shared values and traditions, a common language, religion, history. They usually occupy the same geographical area

2

Patriotism

Literally live of Ines fatherland; a psychological attachment to ones nation or country.

3

Nation-State

A sovereign political association within which citizenship and nationality overlap; one nation in a single state.

4

Racialism

Any form of scientific or quasi scientific theory about race, the relationship between races or the history of racial development. It has political implications, it changes the way a government treats a certain race e.g segregation, isolation, genocide

5

The General Will

An idea created by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. It is the common collective will of the entire community provided that the members of that community act selflessly.

6

Race

Defined biologically or genetically; it refers to a group of people who are supposedly united by blood or inheritance

7

Homogeneous

Of the same kind of nature; essentially alike e.g. Japan's population

8

Nationalism self-determination

This is the idea that a people who have a just claim to nationhood should be granted the right to form their own government and to determine for themselves the manner in which they are governed.

9

Nationalism

The belief that the nation is or should be, the central unit of political organisations

10

Exclusive

Exclusive concepts of nationalism stress unity of nations based on ethnicity, race, shared history, language

11

Inclusive

Inclusive concepts of nationalism highlight civic consciousness and patriotic loyalty. Nations can be multi-ethnic and multi-racial etc. It stresses shared values over shared "blood"

12

Racism

The perception that indicate can be meaningfully categorised into ethnic/ biological groups and that there is a hierarchy that is attached to them.

13

Jingoism

Extreme and emotional nationalism, often characterised by an aggressive foreign policy, accompanied by eagerness to wage war.

14

Pan-nationalism

A form of nationalism that aims to bring diaspora (a group of people who are very spread out e.g. Jews) together. It often seeks their particular group as culturally and spiritually superior.