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Odisha background

-one of the most dynamic coastlines in the world
- faces the Bay of Bengal
-experience floods and cyclones


Why is the ICZM appropriate for Odisha

-integrated into local communities and and all areas considered
-take into account perspectives of different stakeholders
-provides sustainable solutions which are essential for long term economic growth and protection of environment


Aims of ICZM

-protect coastal environment
-resolve environmental, economic and social conflicts
-achieve sustainable levels of economic and social development


Successes of ICZM

-45,000 fisher folks from 7510 families have been given financial support
-supports 600 self help groups in 80 fishing villages
-communities trained in planting mangroves and protecting them, 200 hectares has already been planted
-mangroves stabilise coastal environments and protect species such as crabs and fishes, they are cheap, cost effective and advance the line
-mangroves allow for growth of medicinal plants and commercial plants which can be sold for an income


Risks vs Rewards of management

-rates of erosion have increased through natural processes and human intervention
-36.8% of coastline is eroding
-due to dense mangrove vegetation some areas experience levels of accretion 50% higher than elsewhere
-shoreline change is extremely dynamic

-35% of coastline is laden with sediment minerals and heavy metal deposits
-there are opportunities for offshore oil, natural gas and seabed mining
-many people employed in fishing which would be affected
-tourism is important with wildlife sanctions being attractive