Flashcards in NHRC Deck (8)
What type of body is National Human Rights Commission?
Statutory body, under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
Watchdog of human rights in country
composition of NHRC
FULL TIME MEMBERS
chairman - retired CJI
4 members- serving or retired judge of SC
serving or retired Chief Justice of HC
2 members with knowledge or practical experience wrt human rights.
EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS - 4
Chairman of National Commission for Minorities
Chairman of National Commission for SCs
Chairman of National Commission for STs
Chairman of National Commission for Women
Chairman and members of NHRC are appointed by
President along with a 6 member committee consisting of PM, Speaker of LS, Deputy chairman of RS, Opposition leaders of both houses, central home minister
Tenure of members of NHRC
5 years or until they attain 70 years, whichever is earlier
Removal grounds of members of NHRC
2.Engaged in paid employement
3.unfit to continue
In addition, President can remove on proved misbehaviour or incapacity->that case->matter goes to SC->IF APPROVED->REMOVED
What are functions of NHRC?
1.Inquire violations or negligence in prevention of violation by public servant
2.intervene in proceeding involving allegations, pending in court
3.asses conditions in jails and detentions centres
4.review constitutional and legal safeguards
5.review factors restraining human rights ex.terrorism
6.study treaties and international instruments on Human rights
7.promote research in HR
8. spread literacy and awareness among people about HRs
10.functions necessary for human rights