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Flashcards in More Exam 4 Deck (25)
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1

hypokrisis

delivery

2

lexis

style

3

taxis

arrangement

4

3 parts of voice

volume, pitch, rhythm

5

2 aspects of delivery

voice, movement

6

4 characteristics of style

correct, clear, appropriate, ornamented

7

3 levels of style

attic (simple), rhodean (middle), asiatic (grand)

8

4 kinds of frigidities

double words, glosses, epithets, inappropriate metaphors

9

3 methods for achieving urbanity of style

metaphor, antithesis, actualization

10

2 parts of arrangement

state your case, prove your case

11

Progymnasmata

method for teaching rhetoric one step at a time

12

Fable

step 1; retell simple stories to apply morals to new situations

13

Tale

step 2; fictions retold from epic poems, historical stories, etc.; taught grammatical structure & rhetorical structure

14

Chreia

step 3; amplification of a theme or topic; taught how to develop a good thesis and build an argument

15

Proverb

step 4; additional practice doing the chreia; praising the wisdom of the person who said the proverb and then develop proof, contrast, illustration, enthymeme, authority

16

Confirmation & Refutation

step 5; asking questions and building positions to support or overturn an understanding; supporting the truth or falsity of an allegation of fact

17

Commonplace

step 6; throw a favorable or unfavorable light on accepted facts

18

Encomium

step 7; enlarge on praise of virtue or dispraise of vice; add to commonplaces by thinking broadly of issues of good and evil; requires an extensive knowledge and understanding of ones society and values

19

Comparison

step 8; which of two characters is better or worse; focus on the nature, degrees of virtues and vices, & management of praise and censure generally

20

Impersonation

step 9; compose an imaginary monologue by a historical, legendary, or fictitious person under given circumstances; introduces principles of ethical proof: speech must be adjusted to speaker, audience, and situation

21

Description

step 10; training in vivid presentation of details; bringing before ones eyes

22

Thesis

step 11; topic on which much can be said on both sides; part of the exercise is discovering the best of what can be said--inquiry into a matter still in doubt

23

Legislation

step 12; speaking for or against a law which might be real or fictitious

24

Isocrates

most important teacher in Greece; writes about broad cases of teaching/learning

25

Quintilian

most important Roman teacher; explains what it means to be liberally educated; what should you study? how should you study?