Flashcards in Midterm Exam Deck (62)
sWhat are the 2 types of revelation?
1. natural/general revelation
2. supernatural/special revelation
What is natural/general revelation?
insufficient but lehfhfuaves men inexcusable
1. light of nature/conscience
Romans 2; written on hearts
2. works of creation and providence
What were the 3 means of special revelation?
1. dreams (less mature)
2. visions (more mature)
3. mouth to mouth (verbal)
Beattie on Scripture as special revelation
supernatural, dynamic (organic), plenary, verbal inspiration
What are the 3 elements of the sufficiency of Scripture?
What is the scope of the sufficiency of Scripture?
1. what is explicitly stated
2. what is inferred by "good and necessary consequence"
What is meant by the "perspicuity" of Scripture?
the central truths of Scripture (eg. the Apostle's creed) can be understood by any standard reader
What is meant by the "finality" of Scripture?
"authentical" - true copies of the original Biblical texts (though not the original)
Larger Catechism #6: What do the Scriptures make known of God?
The Scriptures make known
1. what God is,
2. the persons in the Godhead,
3. His decrees, and
4. the execution of His decreesp
Westminster Confession of Faith
2.1 and 2.2 outline
WCF 2.1: Who God is in Himself
WCF 2.2 Who God is to us
God's incommunicable attributes (WCF 2:1)
attributes unable to be imaged in man:
- absolute/ one
- infinite in being: immeasurable
- without parts: indivisible characteristics (God's simplicity)
- without passions: impassible, without emotions like man's (In that a reaction is a change wrought by something else, God does not react, nor is he emotionally driven.)
- eternal: no beginning or end, and does not experience succession in time
- immense: both fills spaces and is outside space
- incomprehensible: beyond human logic
God's communicable attributes (WCF 2.1)
attributes able to be imaged in man:
Westminster Confession of Faith 2.2 notes
- in and of himself: the aseity of God (God is self-existent)
1. source and end of all things
2. sovereign over all things
3. deserves all worship
OT allusions and NT references to the Trinity (WCF 2.3)
- Gen 1:2 and 1:26
- Gen 11:5-7
- Gen 32:24
- Ex 23:20-25
- Is 7:14
- Ps 51:11
- 1 Sam 16:13-14
- Mt 28:19
- 2 Cor 13:14
- Mt 3:16-17
- John 1:1-14
- John 8:48-59
- John 14:26
- John 15:26-27
- John 16:7-11
4 elements of proving the full deity of the Son and the Holy Spirit
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Son: names
Is 6:3, 5, 8 interpreted in John 12:41
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Son: attributes
- John 1:1
- Is 9:6
- Matt 11:25-27
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Son: works
- John 1:2-3, 5
- Col 1:16
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Son: worship
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Spirit: names
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Spirit: attributes
1 Cor 2:10-11
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Spirit: works
Scriptural example(s) that prove the deity of the Spirit: worship
2 Cor 13:14
Westminster Shorter Catechism 3.1: attributes of God's decree
pastoral application of God's eternal decree (WCF 3)
Romans 8:28: And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.
soteriological applications of God's eternal decree (WCF 3)
election, predestination, and reprobation
What are angels? (What is their function?)
- agents of Providence
- our protectors
Calvin I.XIV.5, 6, 9
- intermediary Messengers by which God Manifests himself to us
- Dispensers and administrators of God's beneficence towards us
- Direct our ways
- fight against the Devil
- Keep vigil for our safety
- take Care that harm does not befall us
- taKe up our defense
- Carry out God's vengeance
Explain the election of angels and why fallen angels can't be saved as men are.
- Angels were elected outside of salvation through Christ.
- Angels are a host and were created individually.
- Men are a race and are under a Head.
- Angels are not under a federal head as Man is.
What are the ordained means of election? (WCF 3.6)
1. redemption by Christ (repeated @ end)
2. effectual calling
3. justified, adopted, sanctified, & kept (the golden chain)