Flashcards in Introduction to Rheumatology Deck (16)
Explain what rheumatology is and the types of disorders rheumatologists specialize in managing.
To deal with pain and inflammation of the musculoskeletal system and autoimmune disease
Recognize how rheumatologists evaluate patients.
Monoarticular vs. Polyarticular
Synovial fluid analysis
Recognize the major sub-groups of rheumatic diseases.
Degenerative Joint Disease, Inflammatory Joint Disease, Metabolic Joint Disease, Autoimmune disease
Pain arising from structures around the joint
Soft tissue pain
Pain perceived as coming from the joint but has another source
Some Lab tests
ESR (erythrocyte sed rate), C-reactive protein, Autoantibodies, albumin, hematocrit, fer-Inflammatory Diseaseitin, platelets
Osteoarthritis, Secondary OA, avascular necrosis, fibromyalgia,
RA, crystals, spondyloarthropathies, SLE,
Small joints except DIP, no spine
Inflamed synovial tissue
Redness and warmth
High uric acid level in blood
Inflammatory with calcium pyrophosphate crystals
No correlate to blood serum levels
Spinal arthritis and enthesitis (inflammation of ligamentous osseus junctions)
Prolonged morning stiffness
Based on size of blood vessels