Flashcards in Global Population Trends Deck (13)
United nations declaration of human rights (1948) on water?
“Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and wellbeing of himself and for his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services”
When was the world health organisation created?
1948 by the UN to promote international public health
What is the 1st stage of Omran's Epidemiological Transition? (1971)
"The age of pestilence and famine" high fluctuating mortality, life expectancy 40
What is the 2nd stage of Omran's Epidemiological Transition? (1971)
"The age of receding pandemics" Progressive declines in mortality, mainly at younger ages, life expectancy 50
What is the 3rd stage of Omran's Epidemiological Transition? (1971)
"The age of degenerative and man-made diseases" Stable mortality at a low level, life expectancy 70
What is the 4th stage of Omran's Epidemiological Transition? (1971)
"The age of delayed degenerative diseases" Further declines in mortality, mainly at older ages, life expectancy 75
What are neglected diseases?
Diseases that don't affect HIC's such as malaria, dengue fever, TB, etc. (1% of health research and development funding went to neglected diseases in 2010)
Out of the 68.5 million people forcibly displaced world wide which of those were internally displaced?
What proportion of displaced people are in developing countries?
What are the top 3 refugee-hosting countries?
What did Thomas Malthus do?
Wrote an essay on the principle of population (1798) At the beginning of modern capitalism when the global population was reaching 1bn. He proposed elective 'preventive' checks (contraception, smaller families) and natural 'positive' checks (disease, war, famine) to control population
What is the Malthusian Trap?
Progress (such as gains in food production to accommodate a growing population) will be eaten up by population growth so rather than leading to a stable society we will eventually have a population crisis.