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Flashcards in Exam 1 Lecture 5 Deck (17)
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0

A __________ is a small, similar chemical subunit.

Monomer

1

What is Dehydration (Condensation)

Polymerization, removal of water

2

What is Hydrolysis?

Break molecules by addition of water, polymers to monomers

3

Molecules with a 1:2:1 ratio of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen are __________

Carbohydrates

4

What are 3 examples of carbohydrates?

Sugars, starch, glucose

5

__________ are the simplest carbohydrate

Monosaccharide

6

A __________ has the same ratios of atoms but will have a rearrangement of atoms forming a different structure.

Structural Isomer

7

A __________ has the same ratios of atoms but will have a reflection of atoms.

Stereoisomer

8

Two monosaccharides are linked to make a disaccharide by a __________.

Dehydration Reaction

9

What are 3 examples of disaccharides?

Sucrose, lactose, maltose

10

Monosaccharides and disaccharides are examples of __________.

Carbohydrates

11

Words that end is -ose are __________.

Sugars

12

__________ are long chains of monosaccharides.

Polysaccharides

13

__________ is a polysaccharide that is used for energy storage among plants.

Starch

14

__________ is a polysaccharide that is used for energy storage among animals.

Glycogen

15

__________ is a polysaccharide that is used for structural support among plants.

Cellulose

16

__________ is a polysaccharide that is found in the exoskeleton in arthropods.

Chitin